That’s why WWF-Indonesia is dedicated to helping the nation’s shrimp industry adopt a more environmentally responsible approach. Photo: IUCN. Office of International Relations 1100 Jefferson Dr. SWWashington, DC 20013, 35% of mangroves have disappeared since the mid-1980s, 30+ sites worldwide where Smithsonian monitors mangrove ecosystems, Working with the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Species Survival (SSC) Mangrove Specialist Group, Smithsonian is sharing mangrove knowledge and developing conservation plans, Key findings show that changes in nutrient availability in coastal ecosystems can change the biodiversity of plants living there, which can diminish the ability of the ecosystem to store carbon and provide other critical services, By comparing data from more than 22 sites around the world, researchers are able to provide powerful hypotheses about how climate change is affecting mangroves and suggest ways to mitigate these effects and protect mangrove ecosystems, Subscribe to Smithsonian Global on YouTube. But it’s not all white sand beaches and lush forests; man-made earthen ponds brimming with shrimp also dot Indonesia’s shores, many of them in vast grids that sprawl for millions of acres. These coastal forests provide vital services to humans and wildlife, but mangroves are threatened throughout the world and disappearing at an alarming rate. In 2017, two new coastal conservation areas were created in the Colombian Pacific. Preserving mangroves may be one in a portfolio of strategies to help corals survive the effects of climate change. Donations are tax-deductible as allowed by law. But mangroves are at risk of vanishing forever. prevent salt water from intruding into rivers. Traditional communities within both areas will still be permitted to sustainably harvest natural resources such as the piangua. By acting now to save these vulnerable habitats, we can build a future where both mangroves and mankind thrive. The 1996 Mangrove Trimming and Preservation Act defines a mangrove as any specimen of the species Laguncularia racemosa (white mangrove), Rhizophora mangle (red mangrove) or Avicennia germinans (black mangrove). At the same time mangroves reduce loss of property and vulnerability of local communities. That’s why WWF recently joined with Conservation International, the International Union for Conservation of Nature, The Nature Conservancy, and Wetlands International to establish the Global Mangrove Alliance. WWF has helped create better management practices for small-scale shrimp farms in Indonesia. Royal Bengal Tiger Today, river water is overused and diverted upstream, reducing sediment and causing the delta to sink—and allowing the salty sea to progress inland and swallow up areas that once yielded plentiful crops. careful not to accidentally break or trample mangroves when we enter mangrove forests, or catch resources such as crabs, shrimps or fish. WWF is working with local communities along the coast to reverse that trend. His father flew to Lahore to accept the award on his behalf—the first Tippan villager ever to travel by plane—and returned home beaming proudly and eager to share tales of the big city. With WWF-Colombia and other organizations, the Colombian government is working to effectively manage and expand the country’s system of protected areas like this one. They maintain water quality and clarity, filtering pollutants and trapping sediments originating from land. Around 2.5 million trees are protected through Mikoko Pamjoa along with a second program it inspired called Vanga Blue Forest. Here are some highlights. Every day, Ayub Dablo emerges from his thatched hut in Tippan village in the Indus River Delta of Pakistan to survey the thick jungle of mangrove trees that stands before his home. World Wildlife Fund Inc. is a nonprofit, tax-exempt charitable organization (tax ID number 52-1693387) under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. Locals like Granja know the value of this vulnerable ecosystem. But these otherworldly forests on stilts are in fact one of Earth’s most critical ecosystems, buffering coasts from storm surges, serving as vital habitat for untold marine species, and providing food and livelihoods for local communities. This is just the beginning. Together, the organizations seek to partner with stakeholders and governments around the world to increase mangrove habitat by 20% by 2030. There are also winners from five other categories highlighting … Section 4. Nearly half of Indonesia’s mangroves have been cleared in the past three decades, many to make way for shrimp farms. MMA since 2006 to achieve this certification. WWF has been working with PT. Between 1990 and 2010, Madagascar lost 21% of its mangroves. Mangroves protect coral reefs from sedimentation, sequester massive amounts of carbon to combat climate change, adapt to rising sea levels, serve as nurseries in a vital food source for marine life while providing critical habitat for endangered species. A Brazilian court blocked government's move to revoke key regulations protecting the country's tropical mangroves after the move was fiercely criticized by environmental and climate groups. For $10/month, get World Wildlife in print, 1250 24th Street, N.W. First, to the north, a regional integrated management district named Encanto de los Manglares del Bajo Baudó was declared to protect more than 770,000 acres of beaches, mangroves, and corals. A very narrow fringe of mangroves offers limited protection, while a wide fringe can considerably reduce wave and flood damage to landward areas by enabling overflowing water to be absorbed into the expanse of forest. For René Razafindrajery, a fisherman and father of five who lives on Madagascar’s west coast, the changing climate has brought a change in career. The amount of protection afforded by mangroves depends upon the width of the forest. To conserve mangroves should involve of the locals. Through collaboration with international governments and other conservation organizations, Smithsonian research is working to ensure that mangroves continue to support diverse forms of coastal life in years to come. Ecuador, have created a program that gives mangrove concessions to the communes or associations who live and/or work in the mangroves … Razafindrajery (or “Razeny,” as he’s affectionately called by his neighbors) still takes his boat out every morning to try his luck, but afterward he treks into the mangrove forests to work a second job: beekeeping. Mangroves protect shorelines from erosion. Mangrove cover here has decreased significantly as a result of pollution, wood harvesting for fuel and camel fodder, and a lack of freshwater feeding into the delta. Together, they have rehabilitated nearly 50 acres of mangroves in a reservation park, and more than 16 acres of mangroves around the shrimp farms. In places like this stretch of Ecuadorian coast near the city of Guayaquil, losing the mangroves would portend the loss of the mud crabs—the primary source of income for some local fishing communities—and have a severe impact on surrounding ecosystems as well. Mangroves also help prevent erosion by stabilizing sediments with their tangled root systems. Victor Hugo Luja Molina won the competition with an image titled Once Again Being a Mother, which shows a female jaguar in an intimate moment with her cub in a mangrove forest in Mexico.. Blue carbon ecosystems (mangroves, sea grasses and salt marshes) can be up to 10 times more efficient than terrestrial ecosystems at absorbing and storing carbon long term, making them a critical solution in the fight against climate change. Fifty percent of the world’s mangroves have disappeared in the past half-century, victims of rising sea levels; oil spills and other pollution; demand for timber; and clearing to make way for shrimp and crab fishing, coastal infrastructure, and urban expansion. Water. Nearly 100,000 acres of mangroves remain outside the park’s borders. A moment later, he’s back on his feet with a red mud crab in his hand, its 10 spindly legs kicking in protest. The mangrove trees often glow as though strung with Christmas tree lights. The piangua found here in Sanquianga National Park, a 197,000-acre protected area that includes 105,700 acres of mangroves, are a crucial source of income for more than 125 communities along Colombia’s Pacific coast. Foreign buyers and other key players throughout PT. Diverting water can harm mangroves by preventing their seeds from being dispersed via seawater, and it can kill the trees by cutting off freshwater supplies. Mangroves and the wider blue economy. It is part of a Hong Kong success story, albeit a limited one. With their dense network of roots and … This year, the club wants to establish a new conservation area inside the Kudat and Marudu forest reserve, in the hopes that better management of the mangrove forests will help boost the local economy. The seedlings he planted a decade ago are now six feet high and cover more than 1,200 acres. In 2007, WWF joined with passionate locals and partner organizations to restore the forest, planting 2 million mangroves over the last decade. And the Taritipan Youth Club continues to do its part. As spawning and nursery grounds for freshwater, brackish, and marine wildlife, these mangrove forests play a crucial role in sustaining the park’s rich diversity. Mangroves have (carbon) hoarding issues. MMA’s supply chain fully support their efforts on behalf of environmental sustainability. Mangroves around the world are vanishing at an alarming rate. Altogether, WWF has partnered with fishers in Pakistan to rehabilitate 21,498 acres of mangrove forest and has worked with the government to plant an additional 1.4 million mangrove trees. Mangroves protect coastlines against storms, rising seas and tsunamis. • Mangroves, and their coastal risk reduction function, can recover in most places where appropriate ecological and social conditions are present or restored. retain, concentrate and recycle nutrients and remove toxicants through a natural filtering process. He gave the example of coastlines that had “extensive, full" mangroves resulting in inland areas being protected significantly from the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. A protracted drought in Madagascar has forced inland communities to the coast, putting more strain on marine life already hit hard by overfishing and the decline of the coral reefs. The budding conservationists are trained to patrol and monitor the nearby Kudat and Marudu Bay Mangrove Forest Reserve, one of several sites WWF uses to demonstrate the benefits that marine protected areas offer local communities. 26.7 million tons of carbon sequestered through WILDCOAST’s mangrove conservation efforts. The Mangrove Act does not distinguish between living and dead mangroves, so the same trimming regulations apply to each. For the past eight years, WWF-Malaysia has been working with the Taritipan Youth Club in Kota Marudu to raise awareness of the importance of mangroves. We can also protect mangroves by keeping the mangrove forests and surrounding waterways free of pollution and chemicals. In Aceh, Indonesia, students join with fishers to plant new mangroves. In August 2017, PT. Smithsonian science is laying the groundwork for mangrove conservation by documenting the critical services that mangroves provide and by examining how human activities are affecting the functioning of these ecosystems. Protected by the Mai Po Nature Reserve, this mangrove forest and the surrounding mudflats has been designated as a Wetland of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention since 1995. And while mangroves cover only 0.1% of Earth’s land surface, they are one of our most powerful tools in the fight against climate change, storing more carbon per hectare than any other type of forest. to be protected and restored, allowing wise use where possible. And with rising ocean temperatures have come shifting weather patterns that have made fishing on the open sea increasingly difficult. It is one of approximately 50 associations that have signed agreements with the Ecuadorian government to protect the mangroves. Partner with us to preserve our natural and cultural heritage. And a little over a decade ago, they were nearly lost forever. 1. The United Nations Environment Program reported in 2014 that mangroves are being … *“Mangrove,” is one of five films from the “Small Axe” anthology by Steve McQueen (“12 Years a Slave”). Valuable mangrove forests that protect coastlines, sustain sealife and help slow climate change are being wrecked by the spread of shrimp and fish farms, a … View our inclusive approach to conservation. Mangroves are very important as they provide resources (such as crabs, shrimp, fish and Given their natural ecological roles and their various human beneficial products, mangroves are a powerhouse resource that needs to be protected and managed. Smithsonian Is Working to Protect Endangered Mangroves Around the World. Mangroves protect shorelines from damaging storm and hurricane winds, waves, and floods. With support from WWF-Madagascar and other organizations, Razeny and 10 other beekeepers have been trained to harvest honey from hives in the mangroves of the Tsiribihina Delta. For the sake of Tun Mustapha—and the many communities that depend on its natural resources—WWF is working to extend the park’s boundaries to include the surrounding mangroves. Mangrove Action Project recently announced the winners of its 2020 Mangrove Photography Awards. This was corroborated by V. Selvam, former lead researcher on mangroves at the MS Swaminathan Research Foundation (), Chennai.“I used to live in … Coastal wetlands protect the shoreline from erosion by acting as a buffer against wave action as in the case of coastal mangroves. Back in 2004, satellite images of the delta showed a once-lush landscape stripped bare, decimated by years of converting forest to rice paddies and cutting wood for building materials, charcoal, and firewood. MMA), is leading the way toward more improvements. Mangroves also provide invaluable green economy services for humans. Back when freshwater was abundant, local farmers grew red rice, bananas, coconuts, and melons to sell in local and international markets. Today, the forest is teeming with life, and the distinct calls of king birds, whistling ducks, and birds of paradise once again fill the air. Outfitted with a rain hat, rubber boots, and gloves, Ana Granja traipses through the mud alongside other women from her community, singing as they scour a mangrove swamp for small, black clams called piangua. With more than 17,000 islands, Indonesia has the second-longest coastline in the world—behind only Canada. Achieving that goal will depend on work in places like Guayaquil, where Spurrier, WWF’s senior director for oceans, is meeting with the local mud crab association. Recognizing the multiple values of mangroves • Mangroves are among the most valuable ecosystems in the world. Tweet This Smithsonian science is laying the groundwork for mangrove conservation by documenting the critical services that mangroves provide and by examining how human activities are affecting the functioning of these ecosystems. What is a mangrove? Mangroves look almost alien, with their barnacle-covered roots arching out of the ground to suspend the trees above dense mud and water. acres of mangrove forests are being protected through conservation concessions in northwest Mexico. In 2010, Dablo’s tireless work earned him WWF-Pakistan’s prestigious annual Syed Asad Ali Conservation Award. These mangroves provide vital ecosystem services, serve as tourism and educational spots, and support the growth of mud crab. Mangroves reinforce shorelines and store huge quantities of carbon, so protecting them is an effective climate strategy. Mangrove forests protect uplands from storm winds, waves and floods. Mangrove forests are important because they: protect coastlines against erosive wave action and strong coastal winds, and serve as natural barriers against tsunamis and torrential storms. The thickets of mangroves that buttress tidal mudflats also provide a buffer zone that protects the land from wind and wave damage. The company’s ASC certification already appears to be good for business. Mustika Minanusa Aurora (PT. Mangrove forests are considered hardy plants given their ability to survive in high saline waters and low-oxygen soils. The project will protect all 21,782 acres (8,815 hectares) of Sri Lanka’s existing mangrove forests by providing alternative job training and microloans to approximately 12,000 impoverished women who live in 1,500 small communities adjacent to the nation’s mangrove forests. Mangrove forests cover just 0.5 percent of the world's coasts but account for an estimated 10-15 percent of … Like Ana Granja and her sister clam diggers in Sanquianga, the residents of these newly created districts continue to benefit from the mangroves, wetlands, and coastlines that have sustained their people for generations. Places where mangroves have been cut down for shrimp farms are far more vulnerable to destructive cyclones and tidal waves. The mangrove biome, or mangal, is a distinct saline woodland or shrubland habitat characterized by depositional coastal environments, where fine sediments (often with high organic content) collect in areas protected from high-energy wave action. Recent destruction of firefly habitats initiated the creation of Congregating Firefly Zones (CFZs) in an effort to protect these unique and beautiful insects. The Global Mangrove Alliance hopes to turn the tide. Last year, the Pakistan Navy launched an effort to plant a million more. The use of mangroves for fuelwood and fodder for livestock is one of the many reasons their coverage has shrunk in recent decades. Around 500 mangroves in Volusia County were cut well below the height mandated by state guidelines, forcing the state to get involved to figure out how and why it happened. He plucks a cord from his belt to deftly bind the crab, and then he’s off again—a member of the local mud crab association, prowling the mangroves for his quarry. And now, with technical support from WWF, one of the country’s most influential shrimp processing companies, PT.