It is situated on the corner of Parson Street and Glebe Street, east of St Mungo's Catholic Primary School and west of the Springburn Road. Well worth a look. The members were mainly publicans and to this day some connection with the licensed trade is a condition of membership. The Bollandists have printed a special mass for this feast, dating from the 13th century. Here is the tree that never grew Lailoken's appearance at the Battle of Arfderydd in 573 has led to a connection being made between this battle, the rise of Riderch Hael and the return of Mungo to Strathclyde. St Mungo's Primary School. On being crowned the new King of Strathclyde, Riderch Hael invited Mungo to return and he established his seat as bishop in present day Dumfries. efers to a bell which Mungo brought back from Rome which was then used at Mass and to mourn the deceased. His shrine was a great centre of Christian pilgrimage until the Scottish Reformation. St Mungo's provides a range of attractive and convenient en-suite and studio accommodation for students, all available with a flexible tenancy length.. Each student room will have a comfortable bed, peaceful study space, ample storage space for all your belongings and a personal bathroom. [10], Saint Mungo's Well was a cold water spring and bath at Copgrove, near Ripon, North Yorkshire, formerly believed effective for treating rickets. The Life of Saint Mungo was written by the monastic hagiographer Jocelyn of Furness in about 1185. His father, Owain was a King of Rheged. Address: 45 Parson Street, Glasgow. Here is the bell that never rang: Refers to a bell which Mungo brought back from Rome which was then used at Mass and to mourn the deceased. Religion: Roman Catholic. Mungo built a church on the site of the present day cathedral that bears his name and for some thirteen years he lived and worked there amongst the local people. In a late 15th-century fragmentary manuscript generally called 'Lailoken and Kentigern', Mungo appears in conflict with the mad prophet, Lailoken alias Merlin. St Mungo’s Academy 235 Crownpoint Road Glasgow G40 2RA Phone: 0141 582 0260 Fax: 0141 582 0261 E-mail: headteacher@st-mungosacademy.glasgow.sch.uk This site, powered by Createit Glasgow Museums are becoming more autism aware. ‘Away for the Day with Glasgow Museums’ is a booklet full of free family fun. Faced with execution, the helpless Queen appealed for help to Mungo, who ordered a messenger to catch a fish in the river. But who was St. Mungo, actually? On awakening, he took a hazel branch and restarted the fire. (1987). This was the last of the design to be withdrawn in 1966. Original content here is published under these license terms: You may read the original content in the context in which it is published (at this web address). Kentigern Gardens is the location of a murder in The Cuckoo's Calling, a novel published under J. K. Rowling's pseudonym of Robert Galbraith. In Fallowfield, a suburb of the city of Manchester, a Roman Catholic church is dedicated to Saint Kentigern. The present Church of Scotland St. Mungo's Parish Church in Alloa was built in 1817. He worked there for 13 years, preaching and converting local people to Christianity. The Saint’s remains are still believed to be entombed within the crypt under the high altar. Later, allegedly, after Penarwen died, Tenue/Thaney returned to King Owain and the pair were able to marry before King Owain met his death battling Bernicia in 597 AD. Depicting a modern-day St Mungo and referencing the story of The Bird That Never Flew. Mungo or Kentigern is the patron of a Presbyterian church school in Auckland, New Zealand, which has three campuses: Saint Kentigern College, a secondary co-ed college in the suburb of Pakuranga, Saint Kentigern Boys School, a boys-only private junior primary school in the suburb of Remuera, and Saint Kentigern Girls School, a girls-only private junior primary school also in Remuera. Saint Mungo is the Patron Saint of Glasgow and also known as Kentigern who is believed to have been born and brought up in Culross in Fife. This suggests that the works share a common source.[11]. There are certainly two other medieval lives: the earlier partial life in the Cottonian manuscript now in the British Library, and the later Life, based on Jocelyn, by John of Tynemouth. A spring called "St. Mungo's Well" fell eastwards from the apse. Mungo built a church on the site of the present day cathedral that bears his name and for some thirteen years he lived and worked there amongst the local people. St. Mungo's Hospital for Magical Maladies and Injuries is the primary hospital of Magical Britain in the Harry Potter series of books by J. K. The following verse is used to remember Mungo's four miracles: Here is the bird that never flew While there, he undertook a pilgrimage to Rome. St Kentigern was the first bishop within the ancient British kingdom of Strathclyde, and the present cathedral was built during the 13th - 15th centuries. Fittingly, the nearby Glasgow Cathedral is the final resting place of Glasgow's patron saint. There are two Cumbrian churches dedicated to St Mungo, one at Bromfield (also a well and castle) and one at Dearham. A spring called "St. Mungo's Well" In the Lake District village of Caldbeck there is a church and a well named after him. St. Mungo is referenced in the Father Brown series of books by G. K. Chesterton, as the titular saint of Father Brown's parish. SN Cristiana Theodoli. He is said to have died in his bath, on Sunday 13 January. From the outside you might be disappointed, but enter the building and you will be impressed but its architecture, colorful stained glass windows and the unique feature of … It was here that her son, Kentigern was born and raised by St. Serf, an abbot who was ministering to the Celtic Picts; it was St. Serf who gave Kentigern the  nickname of ‘Mungo’ (‘Dear One’ in ancient Celtic). When her father, King Lleudden, learned of her pregnancy, he was so enraged that he threw her from the heights of the summit of a local hill, Traprain Law. Later, Mungo moved to the kingdom of Gwynedd in North Wales and founded a cathedral there, which was his seat as bishop, and from there he even undertook a pilgrimage to Rome. hen Mungo was left in charge of the fire at St. Serf’s monastery but it died out when he fell asleep. (In reality the King had thrown it into the River Clyde.) Up until the Reformation in Scotland, St Mungo’s shrine was a centre of pilgrimage. His feast day in the West is 13 January. 13 January was a Sunday in both 603 and 614. PHOTO OF CATHEDRAL BY Fr Lawrence Lew, OP. [5] Jocelin states that he rewrote the 'life' from an earlier Glasgow legend and an Old Irish document. Opened in September 2018, St Mungo’s is perfect for anyone looking for en-suites or student studios in Glasgow, offering incredible social facilities as well as spacious and stylish rooms. It was founded by the Passionists, is a Gothic Revival church and is a category B listed building. Situated beside the Cathedral, close to the Necropolis and across the road from the Provand's Lordship, this is a celebration of the religious diversity of the city, once famous for its bigotry. At age 25, Mungo began missionary work in what is now Glasgow. Miraculously, she survived and managed to cross the River Forth in a small boat to Culross in Fife. (Swinburne, L. M. "Rickets and the Fairfax family receipt books", "Saint Mungo", Saint Mungo's Church, Glasgow, "St Kentigern's Episcopal Church, Dennistoun, Glasgow", "HOPE STREET ST KENTIGERN'S CHURCH (CHURCH OF SCOTLAND)", "Identity and Alterity in Hagiography and the Cult of Saints", Glasgow Museums: St Mungo Museum of Religious Life and Art, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Saint_Mungo&oldid=988170540, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2009, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 13 January (14 January in Orthodox Church), bishop with a robin on his shoulder; holding a bell and a fish with a ring in its mouth, The Magnificent Gael [Reginald B. Hale] 1976, World Media Productions*. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. His nickname, Mungo, means "dear one" or "darling." He built his church across the water from an extinct volcano, next to the Molendinar Burn, where the present medieval cathedral now stands. She became pregnant after being raped by Prince Urien of Cumbria. In Chrétien's story, Yvain, a version of Owain mab Urien, courts and marries Laudine, only to leave her for a period to go adventuring. In Cumbernauld, there is St. Mungo’s Parish Church in the centre of the New Town. An ancient church in Bromfield, Cumbria is named after him, as are Crosthwaite Parish Church and some other churches in the northern part of Cumbria, for example St Mungo's Church, Dearham. In Chrétien de Troyes; Burton Raffel, "The grandchildren of Lady Anne Clifford were sent to Utrecht in 1655 for the treatment of rickets and returned two years later in a man-of-war. Another church established by the saint himself was St Kentigern's Church of Lanark, founded shortly before his death, and which now stands in ruins. Jim Carruth introduces… Helen Tookey and Anthony Anaxagorou March 26th 7.45. King Morken, an anti-Christian, drove Mungo out of the area around 565 AD. Liturgical Music in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Glasgow Jocelin seems to have altered parts of the original life that he did not understand; while adding others, like the trip to Rome, that served his own purposes, largely the promotion of the Bishopric of Glasgow. There seems little reason to doubt that Mungo was one of the first evangelists of Strathclyde, under the patronage of King Rhiderch Hael, and probably became the first Bishop of Glasgow. Mungo's ancestry is recorded in the Bonedd y Saint. Given how far in the past St Mungo … st mungo's drhannahbell@gmail.com Editorial Team. During this time, Mungo visited with St. Columba of Iona and the two engaged in long conversations, finally exchanging their pastoral staves. St Mungo's offers a range of ensuite and studio accommodation. From here is easy access to Glasgow Cathedral, St Mungo Museum of Religious Life and Art, and Provand’s Lordship – Glasgow’s oldest building. She became pregnant after being raped by Owain mab Urien according to the British Library manuscript. For some years, Mungo fixed his Episcopal seat at Hoddom in Dumfriesshire, evangelising thence the district of Galloway. Rowling.[9]. The Glasgow Cathedral is the best example of medieval architecture in Scotland to have survived mostly intact. Details of Mungo's infirmity have a ring of authenticity about them. No other copying or use is permitted without written agreement from the author. Close by is Glasgow City Chambers. history of the Catholic Church in Scotland. He retired to Wales, via Cumbria in northwest England, and stayed for a time with St. David (Patron of Wales) at the city of St. Davids in West Wales. On opening the fish, the ring was miraculously found inside, which allowed the Queen to clear her name. REGINA Foundation of Oregon will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing. At the age of twenty-five, Mungo began his own Christian missionary work around the River Clyde at modern-day Glasgow. This name probably comes from the British *Cuno-tigernos, which is composed of the elements *cun, a hound, and *tigerno, a lord, prince, or king. Editor ED Consultant Glasgow Royal Infirmary . Students benefit from free high speed 100 Mbps WiFi, all utility bills included, flexible payment terms, free contents insurance and 24 hour staff presence. St Mungo’s Mirrorball OPEN MIC 26th March 6-7pm. St Mungo's, Townhead - YouTube We hope you enjoy the live and recorded footage from St Mungo's Church, Townhead. He was raised by St. Serf and be. Dr Eoghan Colgan ... Podcasts ED Specialty Doctor Glasgow Royal Infirmary . Glasgow today is a sprawling, post-industrial city; ugly post-war architecture occupies former Luftwaffe bomb craters like so many broken teeth. His shrine was a great centre of Christian pilgrimage until the Scottish Reformation. David McRoberts has argued that his death in the bath is a garbled version of his collapse during a baptismal service. It was Serf who gave him his popular pet-name. Some new parts may have been collected from genuine local stories, particularly those of Mungo's work in Cumbria. A strong anti-Christian movement in Strathclyde, headed by a certain King Morken, compelled Mungo to leave the district, and he retired to Wales, via Cumbria, staying for a time with Saint David at St David's, and afterwards moving on to Gwynedd where he founded a cathedral at Llanelwy (St Asaph in English). In 2017, the Gallery of Modern Art (GoMA), St Mungo’s Museum, and the Riverside Museum signed up to help Glasgow City Centre become autism-friendly. For some thirteen years, he laboured in the district, living a most austere life in a small cell and making many converts by his holy example and his preaching.[7]. Kentigern (Welsh: Cyndeyrn Garthwys; Latin: Kentigernus), known as Mungo, was a missionary in the Brittonic Kingdom of Strathclyde in the late sixth century, and the founder and patron saint of the city of Glasgow. Here is the bird that never flew: This refers to a bird that Mungo restored to life after it had been killed by some of his classmates. built in the 1836 originally as a Church of Scotland, it has recently been restored for its 180th anniversary. Email Head Teacher; Phone 0141 552 3120; Fax 0141 552 7900; Name: St Mungo's Primary School and Nursery Class. Named after The Patron Saint of Glasgow, who was also a keen brewer, St Mungo is a great example of a Bavarian-style Helles lager. Glasgow street art regular Smug created this mural that can be found on a gable end on High Street. The wider picture at the time is set out in our Historical Timeline. It was built in 1841, with later work done on the church in 1877, and designed by George Goldie. On awakening, he took a hazel branch and restarted the fire. It was nearby, in Kilmacolm, that he was visited by Saint Columba, who was at that time labouring in Strathtay. He is the patron saint and founder of the City of Glasgow. S. Mundahl-Harris has shown that Mungo's associations with St Asaph were a Norman invention. It loomed before me; it’s thick black bricks etched onto the skyline. There Mungo was born. He eventually returned to Glasgow where a large community grew up around him. However, the new King of Strathclyde, Riderch Hael, invited Mungo to return to his kingdom. St Mungo has a slight herbaceous note in the background and finishes with a citrusy, zesty freshness. refers to a bird that Mungo restored to life after it had been killed by some of his classmates. St Mungo's St Mungo’s offers Glasgow city centre living at its best. Here is the fish that never swam[9]. His feast day in the Eastern Orthodox Church is 14 January. St. Mungo is said to have performed four miracles whilst in Glasgow. On the spot where Mungo was buried now stands the cathedral dedicated in his honour. The Cumbrian parish churches at Crossthwaite in Keswick, Mungrisdale, Castle Sowerby, and Irthington are also dedicated to St Kentigern. It may also be worth noting that the Welsh, However the meaning is disputed; as noted in Donald Attwater's. [2] Other etymologies have been suggested, including British *Kintu-tigernos 'chief prince' based on the English form Kentigern, but the Old Welsh form above and Old English Cundiʒeorn do not appear to support this.[3]. Learn more about Mailchimp's privacy practices here. Mungo's four religious miracles in Glasgow are represented in the city's coat of arms. The evidence is based on the Old Welsh record Conthigirn(i). Saint Mungo founded a number of churches during his period as Archbishop of Strathclyde of which Stobo Kirk is a notable example. Surviving, she was then abandoned in a coracle in which she drifted across the Firth of Forth to Culross in Fife. High Street is the historic heart of Glasgow. Davies, John Reuben, "Bishop Kentigern among the Britons," in Boardman, Steve, John Reuben Davies, Eila Williamson (eds), McArthur Irvin, Lindsay, "Building a British Identity: Jocelin of Furness's Use of Sources in Vita Kentigerni," in, This page was last edited on 11 November 2020, at 15:07. There is a United Church of Canada charge in Cushing Quebec Canada, Saint Mungos United Church. St Mungo, who founded the monastery which is now Glasgow Cathedral, died in the year 603 and his feast day was set to the January 13. St. Mungo is said to have performed four miracles whilst in Glasgow. His festival was kept throughout Scotland on 13 January. Dr kim kilmurray. He built a church close to the River Clyde, next to the Molendinar Burn, near to where Glasgow Cathedral now stands. We will treat your information with respect. Mungo — or Kentigern — was the illegitimate son of a Princess Thenew (later St. Enoch), daughter of the King of Lothian. St. Kentigern's Academy opened in Blackburn, West Lothian in September 1974. St Mungo Golf Club was established in 1891 by members of Glasgow Licensed Trade. Saint Kentigern, byname Mungo, (born, Culross, Fifeshire—died c. 612, possibly Glasgow; feast day January 14), abbot and early Christian missionary, traditionally the first bishop of Glasgow and the evangelist of the ancient Celtic kingdom of Cumbria in southwestern Scotland. The Life of Saint Mungo bears similarities with Chrétien de Troyes's French romance Yvain, the Knight of the Lion. Here is the tree that never grew: When Mungo was left in charge of the fire at St. Serf’s monastery but it died out when he fell asleep. When he eventually passed away, on the 13th January 603 AD, he was buried on the spot where the cathedral now stands. In Wales and England, this saint is known by his birth and baptismal name Kentigern (Welsh: Cyndeyrn). St Mungo's Academy is a Roman Catholic, co-educational, comprehensive, secondary school located in Bridgeton, Glasgow. Like his mentor, Mungo following a simple and austere life, dwelling in a small cell and winning many converts by his holy example and the power of his persuasive preaching. But it was not always so. Particularly in Scotland, he is known by the pet name Mungo, possibly derived from the Cumbric equivalent of the Welsh: fy nghu 'my dear (one)'. He is considered the first bishop of Scotland. However, other historic accounts claim Owain and Teneu (also known as Thaney) had a love affair whilst he was still married to his wife Penarwen and that her father, King Lot, separated the pair after she became pregnant. Women's clothing collection with coat of arms. A touch of Light Munich malt in the mash brings a slight copper colour and a complex malty flavour to the beer. Her furious father had her thrown from the heights of Traprain Law. In old age, Mungo became very weak and his chin had to be kept in place with a bandage. Here is the bell that never rang On being crowned the new King of Strathclyde, Riderch Hael invited Mungo to return and he established his seat as bishop in present day Dumfries. Visit our Autism Aware Microsite to find out more. Men's clothing with coat of arms here! St Mungo is the Patron Saint and Founder of the City of Glasgow. One of Arthur H. Peppercorn's A1 Pacific locomotives (ordered by the LNER but not built until after nationalisation of Britain's railways) was named Saint Mungo, entering service in 1949 and carrying the BR number 60145. School Information. Glasgow's current motto Let Glasgow flourish by the preaching of His word and the praising of His name and the more secular Let Glasgow flourish, are both inspired by Mungo's original call "Let Glasgow flourish by the preaching of the word". His maternal grandfather, Lleuddun, was probably a King of the Gododdin; Lothian was named after him. Book St Mungo's Glasgow now at just £145 per week and avail offers worth as much as £400. There is a St Kentigern's school and church in Blackpool. St Kentigern's is a small Roman Catholic Church in the village of Eyeries, on the Beara peninsula in West Cork, Ireland.[18]. Though most Glaswegians may have long forgotten, their city’s coat of arms is all about Saint Mungo and his miracles. St. Mungo’s Cathedral in Glasgow Raising the Cathedral in Glasgow There’s evidence that there was a church on the site of the monastery in St Mungo’s day. The Cathedral of St. Mungo was one of the sites I was the most excited to see when we planned our trip to visit Glasgow. In Falkirk, there is a St. Mungo's High School. At the age of twenty-five, Mungo began his missionary labours on the Clyde, on the site of modern Glasgow. 100% free service. On the spot where Mungo was buried now stands the cathedral dedicated in his honour. Glasgow Cathedral is built on the site where St Kentigern, or Mungo, is thought to have been buried in AD 612. Mungo is believed to have began his Christian Ministry at aged 25 around the year 540. By clicking below to subscribe, you acknowledge that your information will be transferred to Mailchimp for processing. The ‘Dear One’ Who Brought Christianity to Glasgow. In the bowels of the 800 year old cathedral, in a crypt under the High Altar, lies the tomb of St. Mungo, Glasgow’s patron. Mungo's mother Teneu was a princess, the daughter of King Lleuddun (Latin: Leudonus) who ruled a territory around what is now Lothian in Scotland, perhaps the kingdom of Gododdin in the Old North. Because there are many fewer privately owned pubs these days our mebership includes club stewards, hotel managers and suppliers to the trade. However, a strong anti-Christian sentiment arose in the Kingdom of Strathclyde, headed by King Morken and Mungo was compelled to leave. It is still present but has been converted to housing and office space.[16][17]. However, it’s unclear when the monastery changed its function and became a parish church. St Mungo Music. Studio flat and private room available, a few minutes away from University of Strathclyde, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow School of Art at St James Rd. St Mungo. St Mungo's offers city centre living at its best, literally a three-minute walk away from University of Strathclyde. We use Mailchimp as our marketing platform. Saint Mungo, also known as Saint Kentigern, Cantigernus or Cyndeyrn Garthwys, lived from 528 to 13 January 614. St Mungo's Church is a Roman Catholic Parish Church in the Townhead area of Glasgow, Scotland. "Mungo" was also a nickname meaning "dear one" or "darling". [4] The Mungo pet name or hypocorism has a Gaelic parallel in the form Mo Choe or Mo Cha, under which guise Kentigern appears in Kirkmahoe, for example, in Dumfriesshire, which appears as 'ecclesia Sancti Kentigerni' in the Arbroath Liber in 1321. Head Teacher: Michelle Smith. Please let us know all the ways you would like to hear from us: You can change your mind at any time by clicking the unsubscribe link in the footer of any email you receive from us. fell eastwards from the apse. In Kilmarnock, a Church of Scotland congregation is named St Kentigern's. Learn more about Mailchimp's privacy practices here. [12][13], Glasgow Fire Brigade also named their fireboat St. Mungo, which served the around the Clyde from 1959 to 1975.[14]. First bishop of the Strathclyde Britons. Mungo’s Early Days Postcode: G4 0PX. At the age of twenty-five, Mungo began his own Christian missionary work around the River Clyde at modern-day Glasgow. Walking up to the church I was blown away by the size. King Riderch demanded to see her ring, which he claimed she had given to her lover. In Alloa, a chapel dedicated to St. Mungo is thought to have been erected during the fourteenth or fifteenth-century. The year of Mungo's death is sometimes given as 603, but is recorded in the Annales Cambriae as 612. Mungo died on January 13, 614. There’s plenty more poetry events too at Aye Write, including Jim Carruth reading with Glasgow’s Gaelic laureate Niall O’Gallagher on 20th March, and reading with Scottish poet Andrew Grieg on 29th March. Mungo Bonham could have been named after Saint Mungo, aka Saint Kentigern, the patron saint of Glasgow.His pregnant mother was abandoned by her family before his birth. [8] He decided to go and appointed Saint Asaph/Asaff as Bishop of Llanelwy in his place. His remains are said to still rest in the crypt. Return to Scotland Deep in Glasgow’s ancient, green heart lies the formerly-Catholic Cathedral of St. Mungo, which after the Reformation became the High Kirk of the Church of Scotland. The two saints embraced, held long converse, and exchanged their pastoral staves. Later, he returned to Glasgow where a community grew up around him, becoming known as Clas-Gu, (‘Dear Family’). [8] In old age, Mungo became very feeble and his chin had to be set in place with a bandage. Like his mentor, Mungo following a simple and austere life, dwelling in a small cell and winning many converts by his holy example and the power of his persuasive preaching. By clicking below, you agree that we may process your information in accordance with these terms. Here is the bird that never flew: This refers to a bird that Mungo restored to life … 86 likes. [6], Mungo was brought up by Saint Serf who was ministering to the Picts in that area. At Townhead and Dennistoun in Glasgow there is a modern Roman Catholic church and a traditional Scottish Episcopal Church[15] respectively dedicated to the saint. In the Life of Saint Mungo, he performed four miracles in Glasgow. In the bowels of the 800 year old cathedral, in a crypt under the High Altar, lies the tomb of St. Mungo, Glasgow’s patron. Weekly Themes ED Specialty Doctor Glasgow Royal Infirmary . Another church called St Kentigern's was built in the town in the late 19th century. The Glasgow Cathedral, also known as the St Mungo's Cathedral is one of the main monuments to visit in the city. Duggan, Joseph J. In Grinsdale, Cumbria there is a church venerated to St. Kentigern. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. With the announcement today that Glasgow City is among those areas moving on to Level 4, meaning that public worship will be restricted to 20 participants, including volunteers, we feel that we have no choice but to cancel all Masses in St. Mungo’s this weekend and put a new system in place as from Monday 23rd November, and for the following 3 weeks. At the age of twenty-five we find Kentigern (the name means "head chief", but he was popularly known as Mungo — in Cymric, Mwyn-gu, or "dear one"), beginning his missionary labours at Cathures, on the Clyde, the site of modern Glasgow. Though most Glaswegians may have long forgotten, their city’s coat of arms is all about Saint Mungo and his miracles. A very fine piece of wall art in the high street in Glasgow. Dr Hannah bell. Here is the fish that never swam: Refers to the story about Queen Languoreth of Strathclyde who was suspected of infidelity by her husband. By tradition, he was the son of a British princess. Before St. Mungo’s death, he was visited by St. Columba, the great “Apostle of Scotland,” and the two conversed and exchanged staves. came a hermit near Glasgow, Scotland. *Offer valid for 21/22 bookings only. Women's clothing collection with coat of arms here! On their return they were taken off to St Mungo's well, near Knaresborough, for further treatment by cold bathing." One of a few dotted around Glasgow. His remains are said to still rest in the crypt. [citation needed] However, in Scotland, excavations at Hoddom have brought confirmation of early Christian activity there, uncovering a late 6th-century stone baptistery.