The plains generally describes the expanses of (largely flat) arable agricultural land which sustain extensive grain farming operations in the southern part of the provinces. The fisheries industry has historically been one of Canada's strongest. On the West Coast, tuna stocks are now restricted.  By total area (including its waters), Canada is the second-largest country in the world, after Russia. It joined Canada in 1870 followed by British Columbia in 1871 and Prince Edward Island in 1873.  Of Canada's thirteen provinces and territories, only two are landlocked (Alberta and Saskatchewan) while the other eleven all directly border one of three oceans. Historical geography was not recognized as a distinct field of university teaching and research in Canada until the 1950s. Canada's geographic proximity to the United States has historically bound the two countries together in the political world as well. There are over 200 young volcanic centres that stretch northward from the Cascade Range to Yukon. The Peace, Athabasca and Liard Rivers, as well as Great Bear Lake and Great Slave Lake (respectively the largest and second largest lakes wholly enclosed by Canada) are significant elements of the Arctic watershed. The Coast Mountains contain some of the largest temperate-latitude icefields in the world. Ancient volcanoes play an important role in estimating Canada's mineral potential. Western Canada has many volcanoes and is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, a system of volcanoes found around the margins of the Pacific Ocean. The region is known for its extensive mineral reserves.. Fossil fuels are a more recently developed resource in Canada, with oil and gas being extracted from deposits in the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin since the mid 1900s. The United States is the only country that borders Canada. Canada's many rivers have afforded extensive development of hydroelectric power. Canada is located in the Northern and Western Hemispheres of the globe 4. Much of Canada's topography consists of gently rolling hills with rock outcrops because the Canadian Shield, an ancient region with some of the world's oldest known rocks, covers almost half of the country. The Canadian Shield, a hilly region of lakes and swamps, stretches across northern Canada and has some of the oldest rocks on Earth. The Arctic, when defined as everything north of the tree line, covers most of Nunavut and the northernmost parts of Northwest Territories, Yukon, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, and Labrador. The great plains consist of a large, flat, and treeless area of land. Canada is a large country. Canada is the largest country in North America. The Peace River Valley in northeastern British Columbia is Canada's most northerly agricultural region, although it is part of the Prairies. Geography of Canada Chapter Exam Instructions. There are six cities in Canada that have a population of over 1 …  Three of Canada's Arctic islands, Baffin Island, Victoria Island and Ellesmere Island, are among the ten largest in the world. Boreal forests prevail throughout the country, ice is prominent in northerly Arctic regions and through the Rocky Mountains, and the relatively flat Canadian Prairies in the southwest facilitate productive agriculture. The nation’s “breadbasket” is known as the Great Plains! The eastern portion of the country is the most industrialized but Vancouver, British Columbia, a major seaport, and Calgary, Alberta, are some western cities that are highly industrialized as well. Canada's mineral resources are diverse and extensive. , The northernmost point of land within the boundaries of Canada is Cape Columbia, Ellesmere Island, Nunavut 83°06′40″N 69°58′19″W / 83.111°N 69.972°W / 83.111; -69.972 (Cape Columbia, Nunavut). Wollaston Lake lies on the boundary between the Hudson Bay and Arctic Ocean watersheds and drains into both. Canada is part of North America. Canada’s industry and land use vary based on region. In 1713, a conflict developed between the English and French and the English won control of Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, and Hudson Bay. Canada has a varied landscape, with majestic mountains, rolling plains, forested valleys, and beautiful blue rivers and lakes.  Much of the Canadian Arctic is covered by ice and permafrost. That settlement, called Port Royal, was located in what is now Nova Scotia. Canada covers 9,984,670 km2 (3,855,100 sq mi) and a panoply of various geoclimatic regions, of which there are 8 main regions. Forest products contribute to one fifth of the nation's exports. Many of Canada's major ore deposits are associated with Precambrian volcanoes. Air pollution and resulting acid rain severely affects lakes and damages forests. Canada is the world's second-largest country by area but its population, at slightly less than that of the state of California, is small by comparison. While Canada's crude oil deposits are fewer, technological developments in recent decades have opened up oil production in Alberta's Oil Sands to the point where Canada now has some of the largest reserves of oil in the world. Major elements of this watershed include Lake Winnipeg, Nelson River, the North Saskatchewan and South Saskatchewan Rivers, Assiniboine River, and Nettilling Lake on Baffin Island. Since geography is the study of the world, it’s really important for us to make sure we include it as part of our learning with our kids Much of Canada's topography consists of gently rolling hills with rock outcrops because the Canadian Shield, an ancient region with some of the world's oldest known rocks, covers almost half of the country. With an estimated three million lakes in Canada, there is more surface area of water in Canada than any other country. The southern portions of the Shield are covered with boreal forests while the northern parts are tundra because it is too far north for trees. Countless snow-capped mountains form the Canadian Rockies, with many reaching to 11,000 ft, or more. Canada has a vast geography that occupies much of the continent of North America, sharing land borders with the contiguous United States to the south and the U.S. state of Alaska to the northwest. Since the end of the Cold War, there has been growing speculation that Canada's Arctic maritime claims may become increasingly important if global warming melts the ice enough to open the Northwest Passage. The Garibaldi Volcanic Belt was formed by subduction of the Juan de Fuca Plate beneath the North American Plate. This page features maps and worksheets for Canada's 10 provinces and 3 territories. The boreal forests account for four-fifths of Canada's forestland. , The lowest point is sea level at 0 m, whilst the highest point is Mount Logan, Yukon, at 5,959 m / 19,550 ft 60°34′01″N 140°24′18″W / 60.567°N 140.405°W / 60.567; -140.405 (Mount Logan, Yukon). Boreal forest covers much of the shield, with a mix of conifers that provide valuable timber resources in areas such as the Central Canadian Shield forests ecoregion that covers much of Northern Ontario. As the world’s second largest country, Canada’s geography changes significantly depending on which part you are in. Throughout the Shield there are many mining towns extracting these minerals. Fruit and vegetables are grown primarily in the Annapolis Valley of Nova Scotia, Southwestern Ontario, the Golden Horseshoe region of Ontario, along the south coast of Georgian Bay and in the Okanagan Valley of British Columbia. Canada’s national motto, A Mari usque ad Mare, or “ From Sea to Sea, ” captures the vastness of the nation, as the country quite literally stretches from the Pacific Ocean on its western coast to the … Major elements are the Yukon, Columbia and Fraser rivers. Canada Geography quiz geography quiz - just click on the map to answer the questions about the provinces and territories in Canada Canada is the second-largest country by total area in the world after Russia, covering an area of 9,984,670 sq km (3,855,100 sq miles). By total area … The Geography of Canada. In the years after the Treaty of Paris, English colonists flocked to Canada from England and the United States. , Canada's two longest rivers are the Mackenzie, which empties into the Arctic Ocean and drains a large part of northwestern Canada, and the St. Lawrence, which drains the Great Lakes and empties into the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canada has over 2 million lakes covering 7% of the land mass. Sudbury is an exception to the normal process of forming minerals in the Shield since there is significant evidence that the Sudbury Basin is an ancient meteorite impact crater.  The physical geography of Canada is widely varied.  The most notable are Montreal's Mount Royal and Mont Saint-Hilaire. It has three branches of government. Other than in the plateau regions of the Interior and its many river valleys, most of British Columbia is coniferous forest. Many of the volcanic belts bear ore deposits that are related to the volcanism. The bulk of oil and gas production occurs in the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin (mostly light green), which stretches from southwestern Manitoba to northeastern British Columbia. Start studying Chapter 7: Human Geography of Canada. , The Canadian pole of inaccessibility is allegedly near Jackfish River, Alberta (59°2′N 112°49′W). , The continental divide in the Rockies separates the Pacific watershed in British Columbia and Yukon from the Arctic and Hudson Bay watersheds.  The Shield mostly consists of eroded hilly terrain and contains many lakes and important rivers used for hydroelectric production, particularly in northern Quebec and Ontario. Three per cent of Canada's land area is covered by permanent pastures. Because of extensive glaciation, Canada hosts more than two million lakes: of those that are entirely within Canada, more than 31,000 are between 3 and 100 square kilometres (1.2 and 38.6 sq mi) in area, while 563 are larger than 100 km2 (38.6 sq mi). Today these stocks are nearly depleted, and their conservation has become a preoccupation of the Atlantic Provinces. The pillow lavas in rocks over 2 billion years old in the Canadian Shield signify that great oceanic volcanoes existed during the early stages of the formation of the Earth's crust. Main crops in Canada include flax, oats, wheat, maize, barley, sugar beets and rye in the prairies; flax and maize in Western Ontario; Oats and potatoes in the Maritimes. , The Hudson Bay watershed drains over a third of Canada. CANADA Geography SS6G5: The student will locate select features of Canada: Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Hudson Bay, St. Lawrence River, the Great Lakes, the Canadian Shield, and the Rocky Mountains 3.  Canada has the longest coastline in the world, with a total length of 243,042 kilometres (151,019 mi); additionally, its border with the United States is the world's longest land border, stretching 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi). Greenland is to the northeast and to the southeast Canada shares a maritime boundary with France's overseas collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, the last vestige of New France. By land area alone, however, Canada ranks fourth, the difference being due to it having the world's largest proportion of fresh water lakes. Canada has produced a Biodiversity Action Plan in response to the 1992 international accord; the plan addresses conservation of endangered species and certain habitats. , While the relief of these lowlands is particularly flat and regular, a group of batholites known as the Monteregian Hills are spread along a mostly regular line across the area. This app is about an interactive map about Canadian geography.  The northernmost point of the Canadian mainland is Zenith Point on Boothia Peninsula, Nunavut 72°00′07″N 94°39′18″W / 72.002°N 94.655°W / 72.002; -94.655 (Zenith Point, Nunavut). Those straits include a large number of islands, notably the Gulf Islands and Discovery Islands. It covers Manitoba, northern Ontario and Quebec, most of Saskatchewan, southern Alberta, southwestern Nunavut and the southern half of Baffin Island. Farther west is the rugged Canadian Cordillera, stretching from the Yukon Territory into British Columbia and Alberta. Download Geography of Canada App 1.0.0 for iPad & iPhone free online at AppPure.  Canada also encompasses vast maritime terrain, with the world's longest coastline of 243,042 kilometres (151,019 mi). And with the differences in each region, there is a very different accompanying landscape and climate. Within the field of human geography there are five main areas of study.  The easternmost point of the Canadian mainland is Elijah Point, Cape St. Charles, Labrador (52°13′N 55°37′W) 52°13′01″N 55°37′16″W / 52.217°N 55.621°W / 52.217; -55.621 (Elijah Point, Labrador). Despite this, 79.7 percent of Canada's population resides in urban areas, where population densities are increasing. . Alberta also produces 75% of Canada’s oil and is important for coal and natural gas. The French began to settle there in 1541 but an official settlement was not established until 1604. , The southernmost part of Alberta drains into the Gulf of Mexico through the Milk River and its tributaries. While the largest part of the Canadian Arctic is composed of seemingly endless permafrost and tundra north of the tree line, it encompasses geological regions of varying types: the Arctic Cordillera (with the British Empire Range and the United States Range on Ellesmere Island) contains the northernmost mountain system in the world. Canada’s resources include nickel (mainly from Ontario), zinc, potash, uranium, sulfur, asbestos, aluminum, and copper. At the federal level, however, the country is officially bilingual. Get Geography of Canada for iOS latest version. The most recent was in 1995 but it failed by a vote of 50.6% to 49.4%. In Canada, human geographers might study the status of Indigenous languages or differences between rural and urban Canadians, among many other topics. GEOGRAPHY Canada is a vast and rugged land. , The Shield cannot support intensive agriculture, although there is subsistence agriculture and small dairy farms in many of the river valleys and around the abundant lakes, particularly in the southern regions. Geography Now! The size is roughly ~1,900,000 km2 (733,594.1 sq mi). In this geography of Canada lesson plan, students locate features such as rivers, lakes, cities, provinces, and more. These hills are known for a great richness in precious minerals. Borders: United States (longest shared border in the world of 5,526 miles), maritime borders with Greenland and Saint Pierre and Miquelon, water borders include the Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, and the Arctic Ocean. The Anahim Volcanic Belt was formed as a result of the North American Plate sliding westward over the Anahim hotspot. , The northern parts of Alberta, Manitoba and British Columbia, most of Northwest Territories and Nunavut, and parts of Yukon are drained by the Arctic watershed. The Northern Cordilleran Volcanic Province was formed by faulting, cracking, rifting, and the interaction between the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate. It is the largest lake in the world that naturally drains in two directions. Between the plateau and the coast is the province's largest mountain range, the Coast Mountains. There are also some French-speaking communities in other portions of Canada, mostly on the east coast, but the majority of the rest of the country speaks English. Large diamond concentrations have been recently developed in the Arctic, making Canada one of the world's largest producers. Covering most of the northern part of the North American continent and with an area larger than that of the United States, Canada has an extremely varied topography. Canada's abundance of natural resources is reflected in their continued importance in the economy of Canada. The first Europeans to reach the country were likely the Vikings and it is believed that Norse explorer Leif Eriksson led them to the coast of Labrador or Nova Scotia in 1000 CE. 12:58. This watershed irrigates the agriculturally important areas of inner British Columbia (such as the Okanagan and Kootenay valleys), and is used to produce hydroelectricity. Boreal forests cover much of the country, with ice taking over the northerly Arctic regions and through the Rocky Mountains, and the flat Canadian Prairies of agriculture occupying the southwest. The geography and climate of Canada are important factors that shape life for those who settle in Canada. Notable mountains in the Appalachians include Mount Jacques-Cartier (Quebec, 1,268 m or 4,160 ft), Mount Carleton (New Brunswick, 817 m or 2,680 ft), The Cabox (Newfoundland, 814 m or 2,671 ft). These plains are famous for their raising of livestock and agriculture. Canada occupies the top half of the North American continent, where it borders the United States — Canada’s only neighboring nation — to its south (and north-east, via the isolated state of Alaska ). The leader of Canada is called the Prime Minister. Cities with over 1 million residents. Get Free Access See Review. The dry, temperate climate of the Okanagan Valley in south central British Columbia provides ideal conditions for fruit growing and a flourishing wine industry; the semi-arid belt of the Southern Interior also includes the Fraser Canyon, and Thompson, Nicola, Similkameen, Shuswap and Boundary regions and fruit-growing is common in these areas also, and also in the West Kootenay. Rounding out the ten longest rivers within Canada are the Nelson, Churchill, Peace, Fraser, North Saskatchewan, Ottawa, Athabasca and Yukon rivers. A province by province tour from east to west of the best tourism and natural attractions of Canada.  Most of this forest has been cut down through agriculture and logging operations, but the remaining forests are for the most part heavily protected. Geography Statistics; Location; Maps; Symbols; Alberta is a fertile slice of land, one dominated by the Rocky Mountains and the Great Plains of North America. The southernmost point of the Canadian mainland is Point Pelee, Ontario 41°54′32″N 82°30′32″W / 41.909°N 82.509°W / 41.909; -82.509 (Point Pelee, Ontario).  Parts of the Appalachians are home to a rich endemic flora and fauna and are considered to have been nunataks during the last glaciation era. … In other forms, Canadian industry has a long history of extracting large coal and natural gas reserves. What is the mountain range called between British Columbia and Alberta? Extensively developed in British Columbia, Ontario, Quebec and Labrador, the many dams have long provided a clean, dependable source of energy. The Chilcotin Group is believed to have formed as a result of back-arc extension behind the Cascadia subduction zone. Canada stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west; to the north lies the Arctic Ocean. In 1849, Canada was given the right to self-government and the country of Canada was officially established in 1867. The first people to live in Canada were the Inuit and First Nation Peoples. Because of the long history of conflict between the English and French in Canada, a division between the two still exists in the country’s languages today. Canada stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west; to the north lies the Arctic Ocean. Canada is currently warming at twice the global average, and this is effectively irreversible. There are 10 provinces and 3 territories in Canada. , The easternmost point is Cape Spear, Newfoundland (47°31′N 52°37′W) 47°31′23″N 52°37′08″W / 47.523°N 52.619°W / 47.523; -52.619 (Cape Spear, Newfoundland). The southern portions of the Shield are covered with boreal forests while the northern parts are tundra because it is too far north for trees. The Mackenzie is over 4,200 km (2,600 mi) in length while the St. Lawrence is over 3,000 km (1,900 mi) in length. The furthest straight-line distance that can be travelled to Canadian points of land is between the southwest tip of Kluane National Park and Reserve (next to Mount Saint Elias) and Cripple Cove, Newfoundland (near Cape Race) at a distance of 3,005.60 nautical miles (5,566.37 km; 3,458.78 mi). Canada has more lakes than the rest of the world combined. The shield also encloses an area of wetlands, the Hudson Bay lowlands. Nearly 90% of Canadians live within 99 miles of the U.S. border (because of harsh weather and the expense of building on permafrost in the north). George Hunter. The ground in the Arctic is mostly composed of permafrost, making construction difficult and often hazardous, and agriculture virtually impossible. +1 (514) 937-9445 or Toll-free (Canada & US) +1 (888) 947-9445 | Home About Forum News Client Portal Contact Its magnetic anomalies are very similar to the Sudbury Basin, and so it could be a second metal-rich impact crater. Global climate change and the warming of the polar region will likely cause significant changes to the environment, including loss of the polar bear, the exploration for resource then the extraction of these resources and an alternative transport route to the Panama Canal through the Northwest Passage. Across the Canadian Shield and in the north there are large iron, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, and uranium reserves. There are significant dairy regions in central Nova Scotia, southern New Brunswick, the St. Lawrence Valley, northeastern Ontario, southwestern Ontario, the Red River valley of Manitoba and the valleys in the British Columbia Interior, on Vancouver Island and in the Lower Mainland. It remained this size until 1949 when Newfoundland became the 10th province. The nearby, but less known Temagami Magnetic Anomaly has striking similarities to the Sudbury Basin. The Wrangell Volcanic Field formed as a result of subduction of the Pacific Plate beneath the North American Plate at the easternmost end of the Aleutian Trench. A small area of southwestern Saskatchewan is drained by Battle Creek, which empties into the Milk River.. Canada is the second largest country in the world with only Russia being larger. Canada shares a 5,525-mile- (8,890-km-) long border with the United States (including Alaska)—the longest border in the world not patrolled by military forces—and the overwhelming majority of its population lives within 185 miles (300 km) of the international boundary. In 1534, French explorer Jacques Cartier discovered the St. Lawrence River while searching for fur and shortly thereafter, he claimed Canada for France. This area is also dotted with hundreds of lakes because of depressions in the land caused by the last glaciation. It was comprised of Upper Canada (the area that became Ontario), Lower Canada (the area that became Quebec), Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick.  Metal smelting, coal-burning utilities, and vehicle emissions impact agricultural and forest productivity. Identifying and exploring Canada's six regions - Atlantic Canada, Quebec, Ontario, Western Canada, British Columbia, and the Territorial North - author Robert Bone guides students through the basic physical, historical, cultural, social, and economic features of each region, nurturing an appreciation of this country's amazing diversity. The volcanic eruption of the Tseax Cone in 1775 was among Canada's worst natural disasters, killing an estimated 2,000 Nisga'a people and destroying their village in the Nass River valley of northern British Columbia. Tree-map of Canada's goods exports in 2017. Immediately west of the Columbia Mountains is a large and rugged Interior Plateau, encompassing the Chilcotin and Cariboo regions in central British Columbia (the Fraser Plateau), the Nechako Plateau further north, and also the Thompson Plateau in the south. The Churchill River and Saint John River are other important elements of the Atlantic watershed in Canada. In almost every part of Canada there are lakes and rivers. In addition to the French, the English also began exploring Canada for its fur and fish trade and in 1670 established the Hudson's Bay Company. West of them is the large Yukon Plateau and, west of that, the Yukon Ranges and Saint Elias Mountains, which include Canada's and British Columbia's highest summits, Mount Saint Elias in Kluane National Park and Mount Fairweather in the Tatshenshini-Alsek region. Each of these elements eventually merges with the Mackenzie, thereby draining the vast majority of the Arctic watershed.  Extreme northern Canada can have snow for most of the year with a Polar climate. Some particular regions of the Shield are referred to as mountain ranges, including the Torngat and Laurentian Mountains. In Quebec the official language at the provincial level is French and there have been several Francophone initiatives to ensure that the language remains prominent there.  Greenland is to the northeast and to the southeast Canada shares a maritime boundary with France's overseas collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, the last vestige of New France. Canada is bordered by non-contiguous US state of Alaska in the northwest and by 12 other US states in the south. Winters, however, are normally long and harsh in most of the country. The Columbia and the Fraser Rivers have their headwaters in the Canadian Rockies and are the second and third largest rivers respectively to drain to the west coast of North America. Canada's largest cities are Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Ottawa, and Calgary. The physical geography of Canada is widely varied. This land was later divided into different provinces, one of which was Manitoba. , The Atlantic watershed drains the entirety of the Atlantic provinces (parts of the Quebec-Labrador border are fixed at the Atlantic Ocean-Arctic Ocean continental divide), most of inhabited Quebec and large parts of southern Ontario. The Canadian Prairies are part of a vast sedimentary plain covering much of Alberta, southern Saskatchewan, and southwestern Manitoba, as well as much of the region between the Rocky Mountains and the Great Slave and Great Bear lakes in Northwest Territories. From north to south it spans more than half the Northern Hemisphere. The Danish island dependency of Greenland lies to Canada's northeast, separated from the Canadian Arctic islands by Baffin Bay and Davis Strait. The border of Canada with the US is the longest bi-national land border in the world. Unmatched cod stocks on the Grand Banks of Newfoundland launched this industry in the 16th century. Learn more about Canada’s beautiful and diverse landscape. The majority of Canada's southern border runs straight along the 49th parallel (49 degrees north latitude), while the border along and east of the Great Lakes is jagged. The provinces with the largest forestry industries are British Columbia, Ontario and Quebec. The Canadian Rockies are part of a major continental divide that extends north and south through western North America and western South America. The first is the executive, which consists of the head of state, who is represented by a governor general, and the prime minister, who is considered the head of government. It is a part of the Pacific Northwest and is Canada's third most populated province behind Ontario and Quebec. The Western Cordillera continues northwards past the Liard River in northernmost British Columbia to include the Mackenzie and Selwyn Ranges which lie in the far western Northwest Territories and the eastern Yukon Territory. Cattle and sheep are raised in the valleys and plateaus of British Columbia. Canada For Students 8th - Higher Ed Standards. That war ended in 1763 and England was given full control of Canada with the Treaty of Paris. The headwaters of the Yukon River, the largest and longest of the rivers on the Pacific Slope, lie in northern British Columbia at Atlin and Teslin Lakes. Cattle, sheep and hogs are raised on the prairies, cattle and hogs in Western Ontario, sheep and hogs in Quebec, and sheep in the Maritimes.  It also runs through parts of southern Quebec..  Canada has over 2,000,000 lakes—563 greater than 100 km2 (39 sq mi)—which is more than any other country, containing much of the world's fresh water.  Landlocked areas tend to have a warm summer continental climate zone with the exception of Southwestern Ontario which has a hot summer humid continental climate. In the east, the mountainous maritime provinces have an irregular coastline on the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the Atlantic. In 1869, Canada continued to grow when it bought land from the Hudson’s Bay Company. 13 U.S. states share a border with Canada: The Origins of British Columbia in Canada, Origins of the Saskatchewan Province of Canada, Canada's Population Estimates, Third Quarter 2018, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento. Canada is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy and federation. Canada is geologically active, having many earthquakes and potentially active volcanoes, notably the Mount Meager massif, Mount Garibaldi, the Mount Cayley massif, and the Mount Edziza volcanic complex. According to Statistics Canada, 72.0 percent of the population is concentrated within 150 kilometres (93 mi) of the nation's southern border with the United States, 70.0% live south of the 49th parallel, and over 60 percent of the population lives along the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River between Windsor, Ontario, and Quebec City. Canada's position between the Soviet Union (now Russia) and the U.S. was strategically important during the Cold War since the route over the North Pole and Canada was the fastest route by air between the two countries and the most direct route for intercontinental ballistic missiles. The main biomes of Canada are: Canada is divided into ten provinces and three territories. There are millions of lakes in Canada. The southern plains are mostly grass and the north is forested. British Columbia has a long history that still shows throughout much of … The largest, and best known, is Sudbury, Ontario. The Great Lakes and Lake Nipigon are also drained by the St. Lawrence.