To be safe, apply a little to your forearm and wait for 24 hours to see if any redness, rash, or irritation develops. Most clinical trials report no adverse reactions.2, 20, 37, Melissa extract was not found to be genotoxic in a screen of several medicinal plants.39. Most of the current evidence is limited to test tube studies in which rosmarinic acid appears to inhibit a broad range of common viruses, including those associated with the common cold, such as coronaviruses and rhinoviruses and hepatitis B virus. You don’t need to consume lemon balm in order to benefit from its mood boosting effects; just inhaling it helps. In others, a dose reduction or change of medication may be needed. Arno Kroner, DAOM, LAc, is a board-certified acupuncturist, herbalist, and integrative medicine doctor practicing in Santa Monica, California. Pour one cup of hot water over one packed tablespoon of leaves and infuse for about five minutes. Lemon balm is a gorgeous, vivacious, delicious smelling plant that flourishes all over the United States, though originally from Europe.It need only be planted once and comes back yearly, yielding high amounts of leaves. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 2 Nov 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 2 Nov 2020), ASHP (updated 23 Oct 2020) and others. The plant has culinary and medicinal uses, with principal historical medicinal uses being carminative, diaphoretic, and antipyretic.2, Lemon balm leaves contain 0.2% to 0.3% of a lemon-scented essential oil similar to that of lemon grass. This dosage has to be repeated for 15 days for complete anxiety relief. Lemon balm is a member of the mint family and grows to between 12 and 32 inches (30-80 cm) in height.This plant grows fast and covers a large area, thus providing a beautiful ground cover in the garden. Kaiser Permanente. With the exception of certain products that are generally recognized as safe in normal quantities, including use of folic acid and prenatal vitamins during pregnancy, this product has not been sufficiently studied to determine whether it is safe to use during pregnancy or nursing or by persons younger than 2 years of age. Lemon balm cream has shown some efficacy in herpes virus lesions in a few small placebo-controlled trials. For nootropic use, Melissa officinalis (lemon balm) comes in tea and capsule form. To make a tincture, you will need a 1 quart canning jar, lemon balm herb, 2 cups of either vodka, gin or brandy and 1 cup water. Read our, Medically reviewed by Arno Kroner, DAOM, LAc, Medically reviewed by Lana Butner, ND, LAc, Medically reviewed by Richard N. Fogoros, MD, Vincenzo Lombardo / Photodisc / Getty Images. Lemon Balm is rich in calcium, phosphor; Vitamins A and C. In the form of essential oil it contains citral, citronella, flavonoids… Lemon Balm: Dosage. The lyophilized hydroalcoholic extract, which does not contain the volatile oil components, exhibited sedative activity in several mouse models when given intraperitoneally.19 This extract was also active in an acetic acid writhing analgesia assay but not in a hot plate test. It is possible to buy Lemon Balm in the form of essential oils that promote relaxation. Lemon balm may cause sedation, especially if combined with alcohol, over-the-counter sleep aids, or prescription sedatives like Klonopin (clonazepam), Ativan (lorazepam), Donnatol (phenobarbital), and Ambien (zolpidem). For the ideal dosage of lemon balm, do consult a doctor. No serious adverse events were reported.41. Lemon balm interactions. Med Arch. 2014;28(10):1547-52. doi:10.1002/ptr.5166, Akhondzadeh S, Noroozian M, Mohammadi M et al. Though lemon balm is generally safe to take, be sure to consult a health care professional for proper dosage and safety information. The volatile oil of the plant had much weaker activity or was inactive in the same assays. For treatment of mouth herpes: Use a salve of Lemon Balm on the cold sore four times a day. Cold sores preparations containing 1% lemon balm can be applied to cold sores three to four times per day. Since lemon balm is anti-viral and anti-bacterial, it is a good herb to use to make herbal honey, which can be used topically to dress wounds and treat skin infections, and orally to prevent bacterial or viral infections, help with indigestion, and generally boost the immune system. Lemon Balm Capsules This information relates to an herbal, vitamin, mineral or other dietary supplement. Rosmarinic acid potentiates pentobarbital-Induced sleep behaviors and non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep through the activation of GABAA-ergic systems. Because there are so many different formulations, there are no set doses or standard courses of treatments. A 2013 review of studies from Germany showed that Iberogast, an over-the-counter remedy containing lemon balm and eight other therapeutic herbs, was consistently more effective in treating dyspepsia and IBS than a placebo. Similarly, mean AST decreased 1.35 units/L with treatment and increased 2.23 units/L with placebo. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Lemon balm may slow blood clotting. A standardized preparation of lemon balm (80 mg) and valerian extract (160 mg) has been given 2 or 3 times/day as a sleep aid, and has also been studied in children. Shakeri A, Sahebkar A, Javadi B. Melissa officinalis L. - A review of its traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology. Lemon Balm Dosage. Doing so many reduce the formation of plaques in the brain associated with the progression of the disease.. Do Herbal Remedies for Rheumatoid Arthritis Help? J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. This stuff just smells good. 2016;188:204-28. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2016.05.010, Scholey A, Gibbs A, Neale C, et al. A small trial evaluated the cardiac effects of lemon balm and reported possible cardiac muscarinic receptor stimulation or calcium channel-dependent blockage.38 Potentiation of pharmacologic agents may be possible. Select one or more newsletters to continue. Crude lemon balm herb typically is dosed at 1.5 to 4.5 g/day. Both dried Lemon balm tea and dried Lemon balm tincture are nourishing, tonic, and well suited to longer term use. This product may be unsafe when used before surgery or other medical procedures. One of the most safety herbs that I used in my personal treatment is Lemon Balm. People taking antidepressant medication should consult their doctor before taking lemon balm for anxiety. A standardized preparation of lemon balm 80 mg and valerian extract 160 mg, Euvegal Forte, has been given 2 or 3 times/day as a sleep aid, and has also been studied in children.35, 36, 37 A 1% extract cream has been studied as a topical agent for herpes.17. Further research is needed to see if the same results can be achieved in humans. Anti-stress effects of lemon balm-containing foods. Contraindications have not yet been identified. Stopping treatment suddenly after long-time use can cause rebound anxiety.. Try lemon balm aromatherapy. Rinse the leaves thoroughly, and pat dry with paper towels. BY MOUTH: . Combine lemon balm with valerian for added effect. The leaves, which have a mild lemon aroma, are used to make medicine. Dosage of lemon balm leaf as a tea is 1 – 2 grams per cup of tea. For anxiety: 300 mg of a standardized lemon balm extract (Cyracos by Naturex SA) taken twice daily for 15 days has been used. The difference between the anxiolytic and sedative effects of lemon balm is in the dosage. Lemon balm grows best in mild temperate climates between the months of June and August. For anxiety Lemon Balm is either given as a tea, tincture or glycerite. Starting doses are in the 300 mg range and go all the way to 1200 mg. We recommend you start on the lower end before moving higher, though lemon balm tends to be a well-received nootropic compound. Doses of 600 to 1,600 mg have been studied in trials. What You Need to Know About Shepherd's Purse, The Purported Health Benefits of Magnolia Bark, Cleavers (G. aparine): Benefits, Side Effects, Dosage, and Interactions. They are said to work most effectively when applied at the first signs of a sore. Lemon balm is classified by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as a dietary supplement and is not subject to quality and safety testing. Research reveals little or no information regarding toxicology with the use of this product. Infuse 1-5 grams when the plant is fresh, or up to 10 grams of dried Lemon Balm. Dosage recommendations vary … Nutrients. High doses can potentially affect thyroid function by slowing the production of thyroid hormones. Despite its long-standing use in traditional medicine, the evidence supporting many of these health claims is lacking. Lemon balm is also believed to treat a range of medical disorders affecting the digestive tract, nervous system, and liver. Its use dates back to the 14th century when Carmelite nuns used it to make an alcoholic tonic popularly known as Carmelite water. Oral capsules and tablets range in dose from 250 milligrams (mg) to 500 mg and are considered safe within this range. Although oral consumption of lemon balm is generally considered safe in the short term, it may have adverse side effects in the long run. Side effects may include headache, nausea, bloating, gas, vomiting, indigestion, dizziness, stomach pain, painful urination, anxiety, and agitation. Lemon balm tea has been called the “Elixir of Life” due to its incredible anti-viral, anti-bacterial, digestive, and sedative properties. The dose of a tincture can vary by the concentration (strength) of the formulation. Melissa officinalis extract in the treatment of patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease: a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial. Kaiser Permanente. It is available in tea or capsule form and considered most potent in extract capsules. Rosmarinic acid was found to inhibit the C3 and C5 convertase steps in the complement cascade.27, 28, 29 This action may play a role in the anti-inflammatory action of Melissa extract, because the action was observed in vitro and in vivo in rats with oral administration of the compound. These findings may be especially relevant to people unable to find relief from standard antiviral drugs (like acyclovir). As a general rule of thumb, never take more than the recommended dosage on the product label. Our opinion is that lemon balm supplements our much better than tea because of the fact that the dosage of lemon balm is much higher when taken in the form of a supplement as opposed to a tea. The liquid acts as the menstrum and will preserve the … Primary interest in lemon balm surrounds its effects on the central nervous system. Lemon balm dosage: If you don’t want to grow it yourself, you can find lemon balm tea and supplements online. In a series of trials investigating the effects of lemon balm extract on laboratory-induced stress, a dose-dependent effect was demonstrated for single doses of Melissa officinalis.2, 20, 21 Cholinergic receptor-binding properties have also been demonstrated.20 With 600 mg of extract, increased calmness and decreased alertness were demonstrated compared with placebo. Lemon balm may interfere with medications for glaucoma or diabetes. The name Melissa corresponds to the Greek word for bee, while balm is a contraction of balsam. J Ethnopharmacol. These make lemon balm as worth a try alternative though lacks of safety data. I found it very pleasant to drink, especially in the evening to unwind. In a 2014 study published in Phytotherapy Research, lemon balm extract was able to prevent 80 to 96 percent of drug-resistant HSV-1 strains from infecting host cells. The placebo group in this randomized trial (n = 100) also experienced a significant improvement in sleep scores compared with baseline (P = 0.0001). With 300 mg, no modulation of stress was found, but speed and accuracy of mathematical processing increased.21 At the highest dosage of 1,600 mg, a paradoxically negative effect on mood resulted, with reduced alertness.20 Lemon balm 80 mg combined with valerian 160 mg taken for 1 month significantly improved sleep quality compared with baseline (P = 0.001) and placebo (P = 0.0001) in women experiencing sleep disruption/disorders subsequent to natural menopause. Lemon balm may also be used to help reduce symptoms of anxiety, such as nervousness and excitability. Lemon balm oil extract, especially when combined and taken with valerian root extract, can improve the quality of sleep in adults and children. The following guides will help your children safely using lemon balm:- Lemon balm essential oil is also popular in aromatherapy, where it is believed to promote calmness and ease stress. No significant differences were found between groups in total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), LDL:HDL, TC:HDL, fasting blood sugar, triglycerides, ALT, creatinine, body mass index, or physical activity. Even food-grade essential oils used for flavoring candies and other foods should not be taken by mouth. Melissa officinalis L. - A review of its traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology, Anti-stress effects of lemon balm-containing foods. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. One small study demonstrated decreased stress and agitation in patients with dementia and Alzheimer disease. 6 Does Melissa officinalis cause withdrawal or dependence? Serious allergy reactions are rare. After brewing the tea, be sure to keep the teapot or cup covered to hold in the steam, which is thought to retain the herb's therapeutic oils. one study says that 1200mg gives thrice as much benefit as 3… doi:10.1136/jnnp.74.7.863. I drank loose herbal Lemon Balm tea from my local health food shop. Lemon Balm. Insomnia. However, it is advised not to drive or operate machinery after consuming it. Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. As lemon balm has a calming effect, it should not be taken along with alcohol or other sedatives . Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. According to researchers in Australia, a sweetened water-based drink containing 0.3 grams of lemon balm extract significantly reduced stress and improved mood in a group of healthy young adults compared to a placebo. doi:10.5455/medarh.2015.69.60-61, Taavoni S, Nazem Ekbatani N, Haghani H. Valerian/lemon balm use for sleep disorders during menopause. The fresh leaf or the dried leaf … The most common lemon balm dosage uses lemon balm extract. The minty looking leaves smell heavenly lemony, and the tea brew itself has a lovely mellow yellow colour and refreshing taste. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. Some people may develop a form of allergy known as contact dermatitis when using a topical lemon balm preparation. in addition to rosmarinic acid, lemon balm contains citral, citronellal, linalool, geraniol, and beta-caryophyllene, each of which has spasmolytic (anti-spasm) and carminative (anti-gas) properties. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. Lemon Balm Extract Dosage & Instructions. Can Stinging Nettle Treat Arthritis, Allergies, and Enlarged Prostate? Baseline mean LDL dropped by 13.96 mg/dL with the intervention compared to a 1.17 mg/dL increase with placebo. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this product. You can double or triple the recipe as needed. Clinical trials generally report no adverse reactions. The recommended dosage is around 300 milligrams of lemon balm daily. Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. Terpenes, parts of the volatile oil that gives lemon balm its distinctive smell, are also responsible for its efficacy as a sleep aid and sedative. Here are just some of the findings from current research: Lemon balm may be used to help reduce anxiety, according to a small study published in the journal Nutrients.. This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this product. Doses of 600 to 1,600 mg extract have been studied in trials. According to a 2013 study in Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, lemon balm combined with valerian root significantly improve sleep quality in 100 women with menopause when compared to a placebo. If you are scheduled for surgery, stop using lemon balm for at least two weeks to avoid excessive bleeding. Fresh Lemon Balm tincture (where you make the extract without drying the herb first) is vibrantly green and uplifting. While promising, the findings have yet to be replicated in other studies. Information regarding safety and efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is lacking. Also 0.23 mL/kg body weight of a combination product containing 13 ingredients including lemon balm (Klosterfrau Melissengeist, Klosterfrau) taken three times daily for 8 weeks has been used. The combination of herbs is believed to aid in sleep by acting directly on GABA receptors in the brain, delivering a mild sedative effect while stimulating the production of the "feel-good" hormone serotonin.. It may increase intraocular pressure and, hence, must be used with caution while taking medications for glaucoma . 2015;69(1):60–61. Lemon Balm for Graves’ Disease and Hyperthyroidism by Svetla Bankova As you probably would agree with me- treating Graves’ Disease or Hyperthyroidism will involve not only psychological and physical efforts, but also you’ll have to watch out what you eat and drink. Lemon balm suggested uses include for abdominal distension, flatulence, Graves' disease, herpes labialis (), insomnia, as an antispasmodic, appetite stimulant, and digestive aid.. Today, lemon balm is used in traditional medicine as both a sleep aid and digestive tonic. None well documented. This product has not been reviewed by the FDA to determine whether it is safe or effective and is not subject to the quality standards and safety information collection standards that are applicable to most prescription drugs. You can use lemon balm powder as a dietary supplement to promote general well-being. Lemon balm is considered safe for short-term use. Lemon balm supplements are available in capsule, tablet, powder, and tincture forms. Research published in 2014 examined the mood and cognitive effects of foods containing lemon balm. To Make A Tincture. If you were to supplement with lemon balm powder, for example, a recommended daily dose would be 1,000 mg. You could mix this powder in protein shakes, smoothies, juice or water. The risk of side effects tends to increase with the size of the dose. The lowest active supplemental dose appears to be 300mg, and supplementation above this dose appears to confer dose-dependent effects although it is not very reliable (ie. Lemon balm is a low-growing perennial herb with ovate- or heart-shaped leaves that emit a lemon odor when bruised. There is growing evidence that lemon balm can help treat symptoms of dyspepsia (upset stomach), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and acid reflux. Preliminary studies have suggested that citral in lemon balm extract may inhibit cholinesterase, an enzyme targeted by the drugs Aricept (donepezil), Exelon (rivastigmine), and Razadyne (galantamine) used to treat Alzheimer's disease. 2014;6(11):4805-21. doi:10.3390/nu6114805, Demirci K, Akgönül M, Demirdaş A, Akpınar A. You can even muddle them with the back of a spoon or chopstick to extract more of the herb's oils. Generally speaking, you should use lemon balm extracts or supplements for no more than four to six weeks. Lemon balm extracts and supplements should be avoided in children, pregnant women, and nursing mothers due to the lack of safety research. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -. Lemon balm may interact with other drugs, including: In some cases, the drug doses may need to be separated by several hours to avoid interactions. You should talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this product. Last updated on Jul 20, 2020. Of these, rosmarinic acid appears most effective in inhibiting herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) associated with cold sores and some cases of genital herpes.. Alternative practitioners believe that lemon balm can be used to treat a wide range of medical conditions, including insomnia, cold sores, high cholesterol, genital herpes, heartburn, and indigestion. Crude lemon balm herb is typically dosed at 1.5 to 4.5 g/day. This is only a brief summary of general information about this product. Lemon balm side effects. It is indigenous to the Mediterranean region and western Asia, and widely naturalized in Europe, Asia, and North America. It can be consumed as a tea, taken as a supplement or extract, or applied to the skin in balms and lotion. Ireland remains a major producer of lemon balm essential oil, while Hungary, Italy, Egypt are the largest growers of the medicinal herb. For treatment of colds and flu: Combine 30 drops Lemon Balm tincture and 30 drops Yarrow tincture in 1 Cup hot water and drink twice daily. Scientific Name(s): Melissa officinalis L.Common Name(s): Balm, Lemon balm, Melissa, Sweet balm. As a general rule of thumb, never take more than the recommended dosage on the product label. Cut or tear the leaves into smaller pieces and place them into a tea infuser. 2003;74(7). Lemon balm is possibly effective for the listed uses. 2017;25(2):105–111. Low levels of GABA in the brain is believed to be associated with anxiety and other mood disorders., The same influence that rosmarinic acid has anxiety is believed to improve sleep in people with insomnia.. No adverse events were reported.40, In patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer disease, 60 drops of lemon balm extract (citral 500 mcg/mL) increased cognitive function and decreased agitation over placebo.22, 23, 24 Essential oil of lemon balm applied to the faces of patients with dementia decreased agitation compared with placebo.25, 26, The contractility of rat ileum was reduced with essential oil of lemon balm and its citral extract.33 Babies with colic given a combination preparation containing lemon balm extract as well as 2 other extracts showed improved symptoms.34, Crude lemon balm herb typically is dosed at 1.5 to 4.5 g/day. The small yellow or white flowers are attractive to bees and other insects. Biomol Ther (Seoul). The following doses have been studied in scientific research: ADULTS. Often said to ease stress and anxiety, lemon balm contains a compound known as rosmarinic acid that appears to have potent antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. When choosing essential oils, opt for those that are certified organic and include both the plant genus name (in this case, Melissa officinalis) and the place of origin. For the most potent dosage find lemon balm extract capsules. Complement Ther Clin Pract. turmeric, echinacea, saw palmetto, milk thistle, Ginkgo Biloba. Lemon Balm Oil Uses: Sleep and relaxation: Lemon balm has been used for centuries to address sleep disturbances, including restlessness and insomnia, to reduce anxiety and to promote a sense of calm. A concentration-dependent inhibition of HSV-2 proliferation by lemon balm essential oil has been demonstrated, possibly due to the citral or citronellal components.13 Activity against bacteria and fungi has been evaluated with varying results.4, 8, 14 Activity against culex mosquito larvae has also been demonstrated.15, Placebo-controlled trials have shown symptomatic improvement for herpes virus lesions after application of a standardized lemon balm cream applied 2 to 4 times daily for 5 to 10 days.16, 17, 18, In vitro antioxidant activity has been described for lemon balm essential oil and its extracts.4, 10, 14, 30, Activity against human and mouse cancer cell lines has been demonstrated in vitro.5, In hyperlipidemic rats and mice, lemon balm extracts improved the lipid profile as well as liver enzyme markers (AST, ALT, alkaline phosphatase) and increased glutathione levels in the tissue.31, 32, A double-blind, randomized, placebo controlled trial (n=58) in borderline hyperlipidemic adults documented a significant improvement in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels (P=0.022) as well as AST (P=0.009) with administration of M. officinalis leaf powder (500 mg 3 times daily for 2 months) compared to placebo. The results suggest that doses of Melissa officinalis at or above the maximum employed here can The leaves of the plant are oval-shaped and emit a lemon scent that is both tantalizing and intoxicating. Dosage/ How I used Lemon Balm Tea for Healing from Candida. Cathy Wong is a nutritionist and wellness expert. 14 Natural Ways to Get a Better Night's Sleep. Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis) Monograph and Therapeutic CompendiumThe American Herbal Pharmacopoeia (AHP) is proposing to develop an AHP Monograph and Therapeutic Compendium for Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis).Modern research has focused on the relatively new use of lemon balm as an antiviral as apposed to it traditional use as a carminative, diaphoretic, febrifuge and anxiolytic. Updated April 14, 2015. Her work is regularly featured in media such as First For Women, Woman's World, and Natural Health. Preparations containing lemon balm should clearly list lemon balm or Melissa officianales as ingredients rather than lemongrass or lemon oil. Another small trial supports a potential cholesterol benefit. The suggested dose by most naturopaths and alternative health doctors is 300 mg of lemon balm extract 2-3 times per day. Insomnia and sleep apnea, often accompanied by depression and anxiety, are common features of menopause. It has been shown to enhance the memory quality yet (possibly due to its sedative effects) it reduces quantititatively how many memories are formed and the rate thereof. Rosmarinic acid had potent antiviral properties that may aid in the treatment of certain viral infections. The long-term use or overuse of lemon balm is not recommended. The participants were each given 60 drops of lemon balm extract containing 500 micrograms of citral per milliliter (μg/ml) for a period of 16 weeks. Oral capsules and tablets range in dose from 250 milligrams (mg) to 500 mg and are considered safe within this range. Incredibly, it also has high levels of antioxidants which substantially increases its ability to heal and work effectively. Lemon balm may also prove beneficial for individuals who suffer with sleep disturbances, such as insomnia and restlessness. Do this last minute; the leaves blacken and dry out if you cut them too far in advance.
2020 lemon balm dosage