, Felis lynx was the scientific name used in 1758 by Carl Linnaeus in his work Systema Naturae. Eurasian lynx - Lynx lynx. , The Eurasian lynx inhabits rugged country providing plenty of hideouts and stalking opportunities. Lynxes have extremely good eyesight. Captive Eurasian lynx in sanctuaries have been known to live to up to 24 years. The most rare of the lynx species, the Iberian lynx, is the most threatened cat species, currently on the verge of extinction. Author information: (1)Unité Mixte de Recherche 5558 "Biométrie et Biologie Evolutive", Bât. In Norway, the Eurasian lynx was subjected to an official bounty between 1846 and 1980 and could be hunted without license. While its conservation status has been classified as "least concern", populations of Eurasian lynx have been reduced or extirpated from Europe, where it is now being reintroduced..  A higher proportion is killed by human causes than by infectious diseases. In fact, the cute Eurasian Lynx exhibits a 4x package; it is capable of taking down an animal 4 times its own size; it can jump more than 4 times its height, and when threatened, its aggression can simply be 4 times higher than anybody’s expectation. In winter, however, this is replaced by a much thicker coat of silky fur that varies from silver-grey to greyish brown. Also, the males have a propensity to be bigger than the females. At about 10 months of age they become independent, usually breeding at 2-3 years old for the first time. , Females usually have two kittens, and litters with more than three kittens are rare. , Although they may hunt during the day when food is scarce, the Eurasian lynx is mainly nocturnal or crepuscular, and spends the day sleeping in dense thickets or other places of concealment. Eurasian lynx in winter. Eurasian lynx also supplement their diet with red foxes, rabbits and hares, rodents and birds. The word “lynx” is thought to come Greek mythology, where Lynceus was said to be so keen sighted that he was able to see through the earth. The Eurasian lynx is the largest lynx species, ranging in length from 80 to 130 cm (31 to 51 in) and standing about 60–75 cm (24–30 in) at the shoulder. It is indigenous to Central Asian, European, and Siberian forests.The Eurasian lynx is known to be the third-largest predator in Europe after the brown bear and the grey wolf. They live in temperate broadleaf boreal or mixed forests with lots of undergrowth for cover. Among the four lynx species, the Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) is known to be the largest in size. The Canada lynx of North America looks much like the Eurasian lynx. Sighting In Nepal . One size ﬁts all: Eurasian lynx females share a common optimal litter size Jean-Michel Gaillard1*†, Erlend B. Nilsen2†, John Odden2, Henrik Andre´n3 and John D. C. Linnell2 1Unite Mixte de Recherche 5558 “Biometrie et Biologie Evolutive”, Bat. km. Its coat is long and very dense, especially during the winter, and has a wider range of colors than the other cats. The four living species of the genus Lynx are believed to have evolved from the "Issoire lynx", which lived in Europe and Africa during the late Pliocene to early Pleistocene. The Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) is a medium-sized wild cat native to Northern, Central and Eastern Europe to Central Asia and Siberia, the Tibetan Plateau and the Himalayas. A very powerful predator, these lynxes have successfully killed adult deer weighing to at least 150 kg (330 lb).. Although spots tend to be more numerous in animals from southern populations, Eurasian lynx with heavily spotted fur may exist close to others with plain fur. Males and females have overlapping territories and communicate through means of scent marks that they leave around their borders. The Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) is a medium-sized cat native to Europe (Including Finland, Sweden, Norway) and Asia.It is one of the largest predators in Europe and … There are no known instances of lynx preying on a wolverine. , In the Mediterranean mixed forest-steppe and subalpine ecosystems of Anatolia the main and most preferred prey of the Eurasian lynx is European hare, forming 79% to 99% of prey biomass eaten. The Eurasian lynx does not chase its prey but ambushes it, using the element of surprise. Eestist asustatakse Poola metsadesse ümber kuni 40 ilvest. However, the Eurasian lynx is a lot larger. Most lynx range in size from about 80 to 120 cm (about 32 to 47 inches) long, without the 10- to 20-cm (4- to 8-inch) tail, and stand about 60 cm (24 inches) tall at the shoulder. 2. The den is lined with feathers, deer hair, and dry grass to provide bedding for the young. The tail measures 11 to 24.5 cm (4.3 to 9.6 in) in length. By 1996, the lynx population was estimated to comprise 410 Individuals, decreased to less than 260 individuals in 2004 and increased since 2005 to about 452 mature individuals by 2008. Eurasian lynx also migrated to Austria, where they had also been exterminated. It is the largest of the four lynx species and the third-largest land predator in Europe (after the brown bear and the Eurasian grey wolf).. It was proposed to reintroduce the species to the Scottish Highlands. Lynxes tend to actively avoid encounters with wolverines, but may sometimes fight them if defending kittens. It was reintroduced to the Bavarian Forest and the Harz in the 1990s; other areas were populated by lynx immigrating from neighboring France and the Czech Republic. The only reference I know reporting a lynx surrendering a kill to a In some areas in Poland and Austria, red deer is the preferred prey, and in Switzerland, chamois is locally favored.  In parts of Finland, introduced white-tailed deer are eaten regularly. Among the recorded prey items for the species are hares, rabbits, marmots, squirrels, dormice, other rodents, mustelids (such as martens), grouse, red foxes, wild boar, chamois, young moose, roe deer, red deer, reindeer and other ungulates. Reproduction Mating: March Birth: May - June Litter size: 1-4, normally 2-3 Diet Strictly carnivorous. In India: Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh and most other Himalayan states. Typically crepuscular, the Eurasian lynx is active at dawn and dusk, and will often sleep out both day and night in thickets and other places that are safe for hiding. The Eurasian lynx is the largest of the four lynx species, ranging in length from 80 to 130 cm (31 to 51 in) and standing 60–75 cm (24–30 in) at the shoulder. km, others more than 400 sq. Its ears have a distinctive black tuft at its tip and its paws have retractile sharp claws. Lynx facts Size. G. Mendel, Université de Lyon, Université Lyon1, 43 bd du 11 novembre 1918, 69622, Villeurbanne Cedex, France. Conservation status: Least concern Size: The adult Eurasian Lynx is 31 to 55 inches long from the head to the base of the tail; the tail adds a further 4 – 10 inches. The pattern on the coat also varies a lot, with some animals having very clear black spots, which sometimes become narrow stripes, others having almost no spots. European Cats EURASIAN LYNX (Lynx lynx) Also known as: Common lynx, Northern lynx. Eurasian Lynx (Lynx lynx) Subspecies. Pregnant females seek out a secluded den which they will line with fur, feather and grasses for comfort and warmth.  Lynx population in Finland have been increasing every year since 1991, and is estimated to be nowadays larger than ever before. The fur is almost always marked with black spots, although the number and pattern of these are highly variable. - Wildl. "Reproductive biology of captive female Eurasian lynx, 10.2981/0909-6396(2007)13[381:DOLLLI]2.0.CO;2, "Eurasian Lynx Online Information System", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eurasian_lynx&oldid=991236729, Articles with dead external links from September 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with Estonian-language sources (et), Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia introduction cleanup from November 2015, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from November 2015, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from May 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Taxonbars with automatically added original combinations, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Among the four lynx species, the Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) is known to be the largest in size.  It is indigenous to Central Asian, European, and Siberian forests.The Eurasian lynx is known to be the third-largest predator in Europe after the brown bear and the grey wolf. They begin to take solid food at six to seven weeks, when they begin to leave the den, but are not fully weaned for five or six months. These species weigh about 16 to 31 pounds. 8) The Eurasian lynx measures around 90-110cm in length, and around 60 -70cm in height. It tends to be less common where grey wolf is abundant, and wolves have been reported to attack and even eat lynx. The Eurasian lynx can travel up to 20 km (12 mi) during one night, although about half this distance is more typical. The tail measures 11 to 24.5 cm (4.3 to 9.6 in) in length. Eurasian lynx Bobcat Canada lynx Felidae, lynx PNG size: 772x600px filesize: 306.28KB Baby Tigers Felidae, baby animals PNG size: 2400x2167px filesize: 952.71KB Snow leopard Tiger Lion Cheetah, cheetah PNG size: 1237x2002px filesize: 2.09MB The Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) is a medium-sized cat native to European and Siberian forests, Central Asia and East Asia.It is also known as the European lynx, common lynx, the northern lynx, and the Siberian or Russian lynx. By the use of scent marks and vocalizations, the females broadcast their availability for mating to males in adjacent territories, who will go looking for them. It can be hunted in the Medved Taiga National Park.  In Kars Province, a breeding population occurs in Sarıkamış-Allahuekber Mountains National Park. Northern lynx and Common lynx, European lynx. At birth, Eurasian lynx kittens weigh 240 to 430 g (8.5 to 15.2 oz) and open after ten to twelve days. Since no archaeological evidence after the Yayoi period was found, it was probably eradicated during the Jōmon period. , Eurasian lynx in Europe, prey largely on small to fairly large sized mammals and birds. They patrol regularly throughout all parts of their hunting range, using scent marks to indicate their presence to other individuals. The den is abandoned two to three months after the kittens are born, but the young typically remain with their mother until they are around ten months of age. Biol. Despite its wide distribution, it is threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation, poaching and depletion of prey. Due to the preying differences between the Eurasian lynx and other lynx cats, they are larger in size than the rest. It recolonised the Italian Alps since the 1980s, also from reintroduced populations in Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia. The Eurasian lynx is the largest of the four lynx species, ranging in length from 80 to 130 cm (31 to 51 in) and standing 60–75 cm (24–30 in) at the shoulder. The Eurasian Lynx looks cute, cuddly and just a little larger than the domestic cat, but it is as fierce as a predator can be. Eurasian lynx also supplement their diet with red foxes, rabbits and hares, rodents and birds. While I went to go enjoy the reptile expo at the Cow Palace, Zena the Eurasian Lynx stole the show! Habitat loss as a result of deforestation, loss of prey due to illegal hunting, and game hunting and trapping for fur are the primary threats to this species. This powerful felid is around three times the size … The average weight of a lynx cat is 20 to 40 lbs and the average lynx size of the lynx cat ranges at a total of 60 centimeters, when measured from shoulder length. population size of the Eurasian lynx Lynx lynx in the Jura Mountains and possible corridors to adjacent ranges. When they are old enough, they go with their mother when she is out hunting, to learn how to do this for themselves. The hunting area of Eurasian lynx can be anything from 20 to 450 km2 (7.7 to 173.7 sq mi), depending on the local availability of prey.  The race from the Carpathian Mountains can also grow quite large and rival those from Siberia in body mass in some cases. Limited hunting is permitted. Following Bergman’s Rule, lynx in colder northerly climates are larger on average than their more southerly counterparts, as larger animals retain body heat better than smaller ones, and therefore are more likely to live to breed, and pass along that larger size. Eurasian lynxes have an effect on the population size, distribution, and behavior of some of their prey species, particularly roe deer and chamois. 13: 406-416. In all species males are larger than females. Wolverines have been recorded (one instance) of taking lynx kills, but there is no reliable record of agressive interactions or fights between them. In two ecosystems of Anatolia, cannibalism was common and lynx were found to form 5% to 8% of prey biomass in diet. Since the 1950s, the population slowly recovered and forms three subpopulations in northern, central and southern Scandinavia. Eurasian lynx are secretive, and because the sounds they make are very quiet and seldom heard, their presence in an area may go unnoticed for years. The Eurasian lynx.  Brown bears, although not (so far as is known) a predator of Eurasian lynx, are in some areas a semi-habitual usurpers of ungulate kills by lynxes, not infrequently before the cat has had a chance to consume its kill itself. The weight of a full-grown adult ranges from 18 to 36 kg (about 40 to 80 pounds), and its length ranges from 70 to 130 cm (about 28 to 51 inches).  They have short bodies, long legs and large feet, as well as sharp, hooked claws, distinctive triangular ears with black tufts at the tip, and a short black-tipped tail. Occasionally the Eurasian lynx also takes larger ungulates such as red deer, but then mostly young animals. 1 Description 2 Features 3 Need Zone Times 4 Shot scheme 5 Integrity 6 Pictures 7 Trivia and Patches The Eurasian lynx is a medium-sized cat native to northern and central Asia and northern and eastern Europe. , Eurasian lynx scat found in Dolpa District in the Nepal Himalayas contained remains of woolly hare Lepus oiostolus, pika Ochotona, Alticola, Himalayan marmot Marmota himalayana and domestic goat Capra aegagrus hircus.  In ten other study sites in the Black Sea region of northern Anatolia where roe deer can occur in high densities, lynx occurrence is positively correlated with European hare occurrence rather than roe deer.  The Lynx is a small sized animal (class 3). The underparts of the animal, including the neck and chin, are white at all times of the year. It can be hunted in the Medved Taiga National Park. Claws and bones analysed showed that sub-adult lynx were the victims of cannibalism during the mating and spring seasons. Instances of predation on lynx by wolverines may occur, even perhaps on adults, but unlike wolf attacks on lynx are extremely rare if they do in fact occur. At other times they are very quiet, thought they will mew, growl, hiss purr and chatter at prey that is out of reach, in the manner of a domestic cat. Males tend to hunt over much larger areas than females, which tend to occupy exclusive, rather than overlapping, hunting ranges.  It is also present above elevations of 3,800 m (12,500 ft) in Humla, Mustang and Dolpa Districts. Eurasian lynx reach sexual maturity at two or three years, and have lived for twenty one years in captivity. Eurasian lynx stalk their prey from the cover of thick vegetation, using stealth to get close without being seen. The Eurasian lynx is the national animal of Romania and Macedonia. When it comes to size and agility, the wolf seems to be a little bit disadvantaged. Mating calls are much louder, consisting of deep growls in the male, and loud "meow-like" sounds in the female. Some animals do also possess dark brown stripes on the forehead and back. The Lynx is a small sized animal (class 3). They are solitary creatures, as are most cats, except during the breeding season.  Even where roe deer are quite uncommon, the deer are still quantitatively the favored prey species, though in summer smaller prey and occasional domestic sheep are eaten more regularly. Prey density, environmental productivity and home-range size in the Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) - Volume 265 Issue 1 - Ivar Herfindal, John D. C. Linnell, … Lynx - Lynx - Eurasian lynx: The Eurasian lynx (L. lynx) is the largest member of the genus and Europe’s third largest predator.  Males 18 – 25 kg Females 12 – 16 kg. They initially have plain, greyish-brown fur, attaining the full adult colouration around eleven weeks of age. Eurasian lynxes are polygynous. In Finland, about 2,200–2,300 individuals were present according to a 2009 estimate. , In Sweden, the lynx population was estimated at about 1,400 individuals in 2006 and 1,250 in 2011. , Fossils of the Eurasian or a closely related Lynx species from the Late Pleistocene era and onward were excavated at various locations in the Japanese archipelago. , The mating season of the Eurasian lynx lasts from January to April. 1 Description 2 Features 3 Need Zone Times 4 Shot scheme 5 Integrity 6 Pictures 7 Trivia and Patches The Eurasian lynx is a medium-sized cat native to northern and central Asia and northern and eastern Europe. Wolves kill and eat lynx that fail to escape into trees. By the early 19th century, it was persecuted to local extinction in western and southern European lowlands, but survived only in mountainous areas and Scandinavian forests. Remnants of prey or tracks on snow are usually observed long before the animal is seen.  Lynx in Anatolia also has physiological requirements and morphological adjustments similar to other lagomorph specialists, with a daily prey intake of about 900 g (32 oz). Overall, Eurasian lynxes’ numbers are stable today and they are classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List. Hunting is controlled by government agencies. As lynx move within a large area, it is difficult to attribute a set of tracks to one animal, and there is a risk of counting the same animal several times, the NGO explained. They kill prey up to 3 to 4 times their size and consume 1 to 2 kg of meat per day. , The main method of hunting is stalking, sneaking and jumping on prey, although they are also ambush predators when conditions are suitable. Eurasian lynxes are strictly carnivorous.  The Eurasian lynx ca… Adult lynx require 1.1 to 2 kilograms (2.4 to 4.4 lb) of meat per day, and may take several days to fully consume some of their larger prey. In keeping with its larger size, the Eurasian lynx is the only lynx species to preferentially take ungulates (the Iberian lynx and Canada lynx being specialists on lagomorph prey, while the bobcat is an opportunistic generalist). The Eurasian lynx preys mostly on small to medium-sized ungulates such as roe deer, chamois, reindeer and musk deer.  Eurasian lynx also feeds on carrion when available. In Nepal, they have been spotted up to the elevation of 3,800 … Up to eleven subspecies of Eurasian Lynx have been recognized in the past. In the United Kingdom, the Eurasian lynx is extirpated since the Middle Ages. Also, the males have a propensity to be bigger than the females. The average weight of a lynx cat is 20 to 40 lbs and the average lynx size of the lynx cat ranges at a total of 60 centimeters, when measured from shoulder length. In 2002, the first birth of wild lynx on German territory was announced, following a litter from a pair of lynx in the Harz National Park. Although they may hunt during the day when food is scarce, the Eurasian lynx is mainly nocturnal or crepuscular, and spends the day sleeping in dense thickets or other places of concealment. In 2009 the Finnish Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry gave a permit for hunting of 340 lynx individuals.  During 1975 AD, Eurasian Lynx has been sighted at the Western part of Mount Dhaulagiri.. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. It weighs roughly between 12.5 – 25 kg. Depending on the locality, this may include rocky-steppe, mixed forest-steppe, boreal forest, and montane forest ecosystems. It does not appear to be able to control its reproductive behaviour based on prey availability. These lynxes are good climbers and sometimes lie in trees and high rocks, watching for prey and ambushing them. 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Where common, roe deer appear to be the preferred prey species for the lynx. Eurasian Lynx on The IUCN Red List site -, destruction (wild cats), clowder, clutter, pounce, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurasian_lynx, http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/12519/0. A fight of the wolf with the Eurasian lynx can be quite a tough one. If the first litter is lost, a second period of oestrus is common. Size differention probably originated from sexual competition in which only the large and powerful males survived to mate. They can live in rocky areas, brushy spaces and open forests. The breeding season is from February to April. The lynx varies in size based on species with the smallest being the bobcat and Canada lynx. Size and Appearance: The Canadian Lynx is considerably smaller than its Eurasian counterpart, approximately half the size. During winter, the large paws of Eurasian lynxes grow long, thick, shaggy hair that gives a snowshoe effect for moving through deep snow. It lives solitarily as an adult. The Canadian lynx measures between 19 – 22 inches at the shoulder, with an average weight between 11 and 40 lb. A fight of the wolf with the Eurasian lynx can be quite a tough one.